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结构工程.doc

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【分享】结构工程常用词汇结构工程常用词汇混凝土:concrete 钢筋:reinforcing steel bar钢筋混凝土:reinforced concrete(RC)钢筋混凝土结构:reinforced concrete structure板式楼梯:cranked slab stairs刚度:rigidity徐变:creep水泥:cement钢筋保护层:cover to reinforcement梁:beam柱:column板:slab剪力墙:shear wall基础:foundation剪力:shear剪切变形:shear deformation剪切模量:shear modulus拉力:tension压力:pressure延伸率:percentage of elongation位移:displacement 应力:stress应变:strain应力集中:concentration of stresses应力松弛:stress relaxation应力图:stress diagram应力应变曲线:stress-strain curve应力状态:state of stress钢丝:steel wire箍筋:hoop reinforcement箍筋间距:stirrup spacing加载:loading抗压强度:compressive strength抗弯强度:bending strength抗扭强度:torsional strength抗拉强度:tensile strength裂缝:crack屈服:yield屈服点:yield point屈服荷载:yield load屈服极限:limit of yielding屈服强度:yield strength屈服强度下限:lower limit of yield 荷载:load横截面:cross section承载力:bearing capacity承重结构:bearing structure弹性模量:elastic modulus预应力钢筋混凝土:prestressed reinforced concrete预应力钢筋:prestressed reinforcement预应力损失:loss of prestress预制板:precast slab现浇钢筋混凝土结构:cast-in-place reinforced concrete双向配筋:two-way reinforcement主梁:main beam次梁:secondary beam弯矩:moment悬臂梁:cantilever beam延性:ductileity受弯构件:member in bending受拉区:tensile region受压区:compressive region塑性:plasticity轴向压力:axial pressure轴向拉力:axial tension吊车梁:crane beam可靠性:reliability粘结力:cohesive force外力:external force弯起钢筋:bent-up bar弯曲破坏:bending failure屋架:roof truss素混凝土:non-reinforced concrete无梁楼盖:flat slab配筋率:reinforcement ratio配箍率:stirrup ratio泊松比:Poisson’s ratio偏心受拉:eccentric tension偏心受压:eccentric compression偏心距:eccentric distance疲劳强度:fatigue strength偏心荷载:eccentric load跨度:span跨高比:span-to-depth ratio跨中荷载:midspan load框架结构:frame structure集中荷载:concentrated load分布荷载:distribution load分布钢筋:distribution steel挠度:deflection设计荷载:design load设计强度:design strength构造:construction简支梁:simple beam截面面积:area of section浇注:pouring浇注混凝土:concreting钢筋搭接:bar splicing刚架:rigid frame脆性:brittleness脆性破坏:brittle failure
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