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建筑专业英语词汇.xls

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Aacceptable quality 合格质量acceptance lot 验收批量aciera 钢材admixture 外加剂against slip coefficient between frictionsurface of high-strength bolted connection高强度螺栓摩擦面抗滑移系数aggregate 骨料air content 含气量air-dried timber 气干材allowable ratio of height to sectional thicknessof masonry wall or column 砌体墙、柱容许高厚比allowable slenderness ratio of steel member 钢构件容许长细比allowable slenderness ratio of timbercompression member 受压木构件容许长细比allowable stress range of fatigue 疲劳容许应力幅allowable ultimate tensile strain ofreinforcement 钢筋拉应变限值allowable value of crack width 裂缝宽度容许值allowable value of deflection of structuralmember 构件挠度容许值allowable value of deflection of timber bendingmember 受弯木构件挠度容许值allowable value of deformation of steel member 钢构件变形容许值allowable value of deformation of structuralmember 构件变形容许值allowable value of drift angle of earthquakeresistant structure 抗震结构层间位移角限值amplified coefficient of eccentricity 偏心距增大系数anchorage 锚具anchorage length of steel bar 钢筋锚固长度approval analysis during construction stage 施工阶段验算arch 拱arch with tie rod 拉捍拱arch—shaped roof truss 拱形屋架area of shear plane 剪面面积area of transformed section 换算截面面积aseismic design 建筑抗震设计assembled monolithic concrete structure 装配整体式混凝土结构automatic welding 自动焊接auxiliary steel bar 架立钢筋Bbackfilling plate 垫板balanced depth of compression zone 界限受压区高度balanced eccentricity 界限偏心距bar splice 钢筋接头bark pocket 夹皮batten plate 缀板beam 次梁bearing plane of notch 齿承压面(67)bearing plate 支承板(52)bearing stiffener 支承加劲肋(52)bent-up steel bar 弯起钢筋(35)block 砌块(43)block masonry 砌块砌体(44)block masonry structure 砌块砌体结构(41)blow hole 气孔(62)board 板材(65)bolt 螺栓(54)bolted connection (钢结构)螺栓连接(59)bolted joint (木结构)螺栓连接(69)bolted steel structure 螺栓连接钢结构(50)bonded prestressed concrete structure 有粘结预应力混凝土结构(24)bow 顺弯(71)brake member 制动构件(7)breadth of wall between windows 窗间墙宽度(46)brick masonry 砖砌体(44)brick masonry column 砖砌体柱(42)brick masonry structure 砖砌体结构(41)brick masonry wall 砖砌体墙(42)broad—leaved wood 阔叶树材(65)building structural materials 建筑结构材料(17)building structural unit 建筑结构单元(building structure 建筑结构(2built—up steel column 格构式钢柱(51bundled tube structure 成束筒结构(3burn—through 烧穿(62butt connection 对接(59butt joint 对接(70)butt weld 对接焊缝(60)Ccalculating area of compression member 受压构件计算面积(67)calculating overturning point 计算倾覆点(46)calculation of load-carrying capacity of member 构件承载能力计算(10)camber of structural member 结构构件起拱(22)cantilever beam 挑梁(42)cap of reinforced concrete column 钢筋混凝土柱帽(27)carbonation of concrete 混凝土碳化(30)cast-in—situ concrete slab column structure 现浇板柱结构cast-in—situ concrete structure 现浇混凝土结构(25)cavitation 孔洞(39)cavity wall 空斗墙(42)cement 水泥(27)cement content 水泥含量(38)cement mortar 水泥砂浆(43)characteriseic value of live load on floor orroof楼面、屋面活荷载标准值(14)characteristi cvalue o fwindload 风荷载标准值(16)characteristic value of concrete compressivestrength混凝土轴心抗压强度标准值(30)characteristic value of concrete tensilestrength混凝土轴心抗拉标准值(30)characteristic value of cubic concretecompressive strength混凝土立方体抗压强度标准值(29)characteristic value of earthquake action 地震作用标准值(16)characteristic value of horizontal crane load 吊车水平荷载标准值(15)characteristic value of masonry strength 砌体强度标准值(44)characteristic value of permanent action· 永久作用标准值(14)characteristic value of snowload 雪荷载标准值(15)characteristic value of strength of steel 钢材强度标准值(55)characteristic value of strength of steel bar 钢筋强度标准值(31)characteristic value of uniformly distributedlive load 均布活标载标准值(14)characteristic value of variable action 可变作用标准值(14)characteristic value of vertical crane load 吊车竖向荷载标准值(15)charaeteristic value of material strength 材料强度标准值(18)checking section of log structural member·, 原木构件计算截面(67)chimney 烟囱(3)circular double—layer suspended cable 圆形双层悬索(6)circular single—layer suspended cable 圆形单层悬索(6)circumferential weld 环形焊缝(60)classfication for earthquake—resistance ofbuildings·建筑结构抗震设防类别(9)clear height 净高(21)clincher 扒钉(?0)coefficient of equivalent bending moment ofeccentrically loaded steel memher(beam-column) 钢压弯构件等效弯矩系数(58)cold bend inspection of steelbar 冷弯试验(39)cold drawn bar 冷拉钢筋(28)cold drawn wire 冷拉钢丝(29)cold—formed thin—walled sectionsteel 冷弯薄壁型钢(53)cold-formed thin-walled steel structure·‘ 冷弯薄壁型钢结构(50)cold—rolled deformed bar 冷轧带肋钢筋(28)column bracing 柱间支撑(7)combination value of live load on floor or roof 楼面、屋面活荷载组合值(15)compaction 密实度(37)compliance control 合格控制(23)composite brick masonry member 组合砖砌体构件(42)composite floor system 组合楼盖(8)composite floor with profiled steel sheet 压型钢板楼板(8)composite mortar 混合砂浆(43)composite roof truss 组合屋架(8)compostle member 组合构件(8)compound stirrup 复合箍筋(36)compression member with large eccentricity· 大偏心受压构件(32)compression member with small eccentricity· 小偏心受压构件(32) compressive strength at an angle with slope ofgrain 斜纹承压强度(66)compressive strength perpendicular to grain 横纹承压强度(66)concentration of plastic deformation 塑性变形集中(9)conceptual earthquake—resistant design 建筑抗震概念设计(9)concrete 混凝土(17)concrete column 混凝土柱(26)concrete consistence 混凝土稠度(37)concrete floded—plate structure 混凝土折板结构(26)concrete foundation 混凝土基础(27)concrete mix ratio 混凝土配合比(38)concrete wall 混凝土墙(27)concrete-filled steel tubular member 钢管混凝土构件(8)conifer 针叶树材(65)coniferous wood 针叶树材(65)connecting plate 连接板(52)connection 连接(21)connections of steel structure 钢结构连接(59)connections of timber structure 木结构连接(68)consistency of mortar 砂浆稠度(48)constant cross—section column 等截面柱(7)construction and examination concentrated load 施工和检修集中荷载(15)continuous weld 连续焊缝(60)core area of section 截面核芯面积(33)core tube supported structure 核心筒悬挂结构(3)corrosion of steel bar 钢筋锈蚀(39)coupled wall 连肢墙(12)coupler 连接器(37)coupling wall—beam 连梁(12)coupling wall—column... 墙肢(12)coursing degree of mortar 砂浆分层度(48)cover plate 盖板(52)covered electrode 焊条(54)crack 裂缝(?0)crack resistance 抗裂度(31)crack width 裂缝宽度(31)crane girder 吊车梁(?)crane load 吊车荷载(15)creep of concrete 混凝土徐变(30)crook 横弯(71)cross beam 井字梁(6)cup 翘弯curved support 弧形支座(51)cylindrical brick arch 砖筒拱(43)Ddecay 腐朽(71)decay prevention of timber structure 木结构防腐(70)defect in timber 木材缺陷(70)deformation analysis 变形验算(10)degree of gravity vertical for structure orstructural member· 结构构件垂直度(40)degree of gravity vertical forwall surface 墙面垂直度(49)degree of plainness for structural memer 构件平整度(40)degree of plainness for wall surface 墙面平整度(49)depth of compression zone 受压区高度(32)depth of neutral axis 中和轴高度(32)depth of notch 齿深(67)design of building structures 建筑结构设计(8)design value of earthquake-resistant strength ofmaterials 材料抗震强度设计值(1design value of load—carrying capacity ofmembers· 构件承载能力设计值(1designations 0f steel 钢材牌号(53designvalue of material strength 材料强度设计值(1destructive test 破损试验(40detailing reintorcement 构造配筋(35detailing requirements 构造要求(22diamonding 菱形变形(71)diaphragm 横隔板(52dimensional errors 尺寸偏差(39)distribution factor of snow pressure 屋面积雪分布系数dogspike 扒钉(70)double component concrete column 双肢柱(26)dowelled joint 销连接(69)down-stayed composite beam 下撑式组合粱(8)ductile frame 延性框架(2)dynamic design 动态设计(8)Eearthquake-resistant design 抗震设计(9:earthquake-resistant detailing requirements 抗震构造要求(22)effective area of fillet weld 角焊缝有效面积(57)effective depth of section 截面有效高度(33)effective diameter of bolt or high-strength bolt·螺栓(或高强度螺栓)有效直径(57)effective height 计算高度(21)effective length 计算长度(21)effective length of fillet weld 角焊缝有效计算长度(48)effective length of nail 钉有效长度(56)effective span 计算跨度(21)effective supporting length at end of beam 梁端有效支承长度(46) effective thickness of fillet weld 角焊缝有效厚度(48)elastic analysis scheme 弹性方案(46)elastic foundation beam 弹性地基梁(11)elastic foundation plate 弹性地基板(12)elastically supported continuous girder· 弹性支座连续梁(u)elasticity modulus of materials 材料弹性模量(18)elongation rate 伸长率(15)embeded parts 预埋件(30)enhanced coefficient of local bearing strengthof materials·局部抗压强度提高系数(14)entrapped air 含气量(38)equilibrium moisture content 平衡含水率(66)equivalent slenderness ratio 换算长细比(57)equivalent uniformly distributed live load· 等效均布活荷载(14)etlectlve cross—section area of high-strengthbolt·高强度螺栓的有效截面积(58) ·、ettectlve cross—section area of bolt 螺栓有效截面面积(57)euler's critical load 欧拉临界力(56)euler's critical stress 欧拉临界应力(56)excessive penetration 塌陷(62)Ffiber concrete 纤维混凝仁(28)filler plate 填板门2)fillet weld 角焊缝(61)final setting time 终凝时间()finger joint 指接(69)fired common brick 烧结普通砖(43)fish eye 白点(62)fish—belly beam 角腹式梁(7)fissure 裂缝(?0)flexible connection 柔性连接(22)flexural rigidity of section 截面弯曲刚度(19)flexural stiffness of member 构件抗弯刚度(20)floor plate 楼板(6)floor system 楼盖(6)four sides(edges)supported plate 四边支承板(12)frame structure 框架结构(2)frame tube structure 单框筒结构(3)frame tube structure 框架—简体结构(2)frame with sidesway 有侧移框架(12)frame without sidesway 无侧移框架(12)frange plate 翼缘板(52)friction coefficient of masonry 砌体摩擦系数(44)full degree of mortar at bed joint 砂浆饱满度(48)function of acceptance 验收函数(23)Ggang nail plate joint 钉板连接()glue used for structural timberg 木结构用胶glued joint 胶合接头glued laminated timber 层板胶合木(¨)glued laminated timber structure 层板胶合结构‘61)grider 主梁((㈠grip 夹具grith weld 环形焊缝(6÷))groove 坡口gusset plate 节点板(52)Hhanger 吊环hanging steel bar 吊筋heartwood 心材heat tempering bar 热处理钢筋(28)height variation factor of wind pressure 风压高度变化系数(16)heliral weld 螺旋形僻缝high—strength bolt 高强度螺栓high—strength bolt with large hexagon bea 大六角头高强度螺栓high—strength bolted bearing type join 承压型高强度螺栓连接,high—strength bolted connection 高强度螺栓连接high—strength bolted friction—type joint 摩擦型高强度螺栓连接high—strength holted steel slsteel structure 高强螺栓连接钢结构hinge support 铰轴支座(51)hinged connection 铰接(21)hlngeless arch 无铰拱(12)hollow brick 空心砖(43)hollow ratio of masonry unit 块体空心率(46)honeycomb 蜂窝(39)hook 弯钩(37)hoop 箍筋(36)hot—rolled deformed bar 热轧带肋钢筋(28)hot—rolled plain bar 热轧光圆钢筋(28)hot-rolled section steel 热轧型钢(53)hunched beam 加腋梁(?)Iimpact toughness 冲击韧性(18)impermeability 抗渗性(38)inclined section 斜截面(33)inclined stirrup 斜向箍筋(36)incomplete penetration 未焊透(61)incomplete tusion 未溶合(61)incompletely filled groove 未焊满(61)indented wire 刻痕钢丝(29)influence coefficient for load—bearing capacityof compression member受压构件承载能力影响系数(46)influence coefficient for spacial action 空间性能影响系数(46)initial control 初步控制(22)insect prevention of timber structure 木结构防虫(?o)inspection for properties of glue used instructural member 结构用胶性能检验(71)inspection for properties of masnory units 块体性能检验(48)inspection for properties of mortar 砂浆性能检验(48)inspection for properties of steelbar 钢筋性能检验(39)integral prefabricated prestressed concreteslab—column structure 整体预应力板柱结构(25)intermediate stiffener 中间加劲肋(53)intermittent weld 断续焊缝(60)Jjoint of reinforcement 钢筋接头(35)Kkey joint 键连接(69)kinetic design 动态设计(8)knot 节子(木节)(70)Llaced of battened compression member 格构式钢柱(51)lacing and batten elements 缀材(缀件)(51)lacing bar 缀条(51)lamellar tearing 层状撕裂(62)lap connectlon 叠接(搭接)(59)lapped length of steel bar 钢筋搭接长度(36)large pannel concrete structure 混凝土大板结构(25)large-form cocrete structure 大模板结构(26)lateral bending 侧向弯曲(40)lateral displacement stiffness of storey 楼层侧移刚度(20)lateral displacement stiffness of structure· 结构侧移刚度(20)lateral force resistant wallstructure 抗侧力墙体结构(12)leg size of fillet weld 角焊缝焊脚尺寸(57)length of shear plane 剪面长度(67)lift—slab structure 升板结构(25)light weight aggregate concrete 轻骨料混凝土(28)limit of acceptance 验收界限(23)limitimg value for local dimension of masonrystructure·砌体结构局部尺寸限值(47)limiting value for sectional dimension 截面尺寸限值(47)limiting value for supporting length 支承长度限值(47)limiting value for total height of masonrystructure· 砌体结构总高度限值(47)linear expansion coeffcient 线膨胀系数(18)lintel 过梁(7)load bearing wall 承重墙(7)load-carrying capacity per bolt 单个普通螺栓承载能力(56)load—carrying capacity per high—strength holt 单个高强螺桂承载能力(56)load—carrying capacity per rivet 单个铆钉承载能力(55)log 原木(65)log timberstructure 原木结构(64)long term rigidity of member 构件长期刚度(32)longitude horizontal bracing 纵向水平支撑(5)longitudinal steel bar 纵向钢筋(35)longitudinal stiffener 纵向加劲肋(53)longitudinal weld 纵向焊缝(60)losses of prestress ‘预应力损失(33)lump material 块体(42)Mmain axis 强轴(56)main beam· 主梁(6)major axis 强轴(56)manual welding 手工焊接(59)manufacture control 生产控制(22)map cracking 龟裂(39)masonry 砌体(17)masonry lintel 砖过梁(43)masonry member 无筋砌体构件(41)masonry units 块体(43)masonry—concrete structure 砖混结构(¨)masonry—timber structure 砖木结构(11)mechanical properties of materials· 材料力学性能(17)melt—thru 烧穿(62)method of sampling 抽样方法(23)minimum strength class of masonry 砌体材料最低强度等级(47)minor axls· 弱轴(56)mix ratio of mortar 砂浆配合比(48)mixing water 拌合水(27)modified coefficient for allowable ratio ofheight to sectionalthickness of masonry wall 砌体墙容许高厚比修正系数(47)modified coefficient of flexural strength fortimber curved mem—弧形木构件抗弯强度修正系数(68)modulus of elasticity of concrete 混凝土弹性模量(30)modulus of elasticity parellel to grain 顺纹弹性模量(66)moisture content 含水率(66)moment modified factor 弯矩调幅系数monitor frame 天窗架mortar 砂浆multi—defence system of earthquake—resistantbuilding· 多道设防抗震建筑multi—tube supported suspended structure 多筒悬挂结构Nnailed joint 钉连接,net height 净高lnet span 净跨度net water/cementratio 净水灰比non-destructive inspection of weld 焊缝无损检验non-destructive test 非破损检验non-load—bearingwall 非承重墙non—uniform cross—section beam 变截面粱non—uniformly distributed strain coefficient oflongitudinal tensile reinforcement纵向受拉钢筋应变不均匀系数normal concrete 普通混凝土normal section 正截面notch and tooth joint 齿连接number of sampling 抽样数量Oobligue section 斜截面oblique—angle fillet weld 斜角角焊缝one—way reinforced(or prestressed)concreteslab‘‘ 单向板open web roof truss 空腹屋架,ordinary concrete 普通混凝土(28)ordinary steel bar 普通钢筋(29)orthogonal fillet weld 直角角焊缝(61)outstanding width of flange 翼缘板外伸宽度(57)outstanding width of stiffener 加劲肋外伸宽度(57)over-all stability reduction coefficient ofsteel beam· 钢梁整体稳定系数(58) overlap 焊瘤(62)overturning or slip resistance analysis 抗倾覆、滑移验算(10)Ppadding plate 垫板(52)partial penetrated butt weld 不焊透对接焊缝(61)partition 非承重墙(7)penetrated butt weld 透焊对接焊缝(60)percentage of reinforcement 配筋率(34)perforated brick 多孔砖(43)pilastered wall 带壁柱墙(42)pit· 凹坑(62)pith 髓心(?o)plain concrete structure 素混凝土结构(24)plane hypothesis 平截面假定(32)plane structure 平面结构(11)plane trussed lattice grids 平面桁架系网架(5)plank 板材(65)plastic adaption coefficient of cross—section 截面塑性发展系数(58)plastic design of steel structure 钢结构塑性设计(56)plastic hinge· 塑性铰(13)plastlcity coefficient of reinforced concretemember in tensile zone受拉区混凝土塑性影响系数(34)plate—like space frame 干板型网架(5)plate—like space truss 平板型网架(5)plug weld 塞焊缝(60)plywood 胶合板(65)plywood structure 胶合板结构(64)pockmark 麻面(39)polygonal top-chord roof truss 多边形屋架(4)
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