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    走向 理性 奥运 体育 建筑
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    广西科技大学鹿山学院毕业设计(论文)外文翻译题 目: 民俗文化度假酒店 系 别: 土木建筑工程学院 专业班级: 建筑学 092 班 姓 名: 覃 谊 学 号: 200900303002 指导教师: 陈群 唐柳丽 二〇一四年五月二十日To the Rational (sports) Construction Of the Olympic GamesAbstract: The development situation of gymnasium1. In the history of mankind, the sports building is gradually developed with the development of social economy, and is under the influence of cultural concept. In 776 BC, the ancient Olympic Games held in ancient Greece is the earliest verifiable check sports games. At a time when the sports facilities has evolved around the temple of Zeus, has formed the service facilities.Stadium building belongs to large public buildings, building scale, the internal function the demand is higher, so we in the early stage of the design study should include: the basic content of the sports building space design, function analysis and detailed structure concept design, to ensure a more functional space and the rationality of the structure design, safety and economy.Space multi-functional gymnasium and emphasized in the design of functional partition and the rationality of various traffic streamline, convenience, in order to realize the sustainable development of sports buildings. The gym space function is divided into two parts: basic and auxiliary venue space and the audience. Seeing from the combination of space, the space of the venue on the body in a main space position, it should be on modelling composition main position and show the characteristics of the large space, auxiliary in a secondary space position. Now sports architecture will require the main space in the field of sports function expansion, accessary space and to operate a variety of other areas to extension.2.Second, the design idea and designAs the “bird's nest“ and “water cube“ after the three main stadium last, we don't have to focus on and the former two landmark to outshine each other, but to design a “economic, reasonable, beautiful“ venues, using new technology to build a mature, rational restraint and implicit in the gym.National stadium in China “ribbon“ for design inspiration, combined with the venue and the function of warming up to the different requirements for the clearance factor, take meteorological north low wave shape, roof light and dynamic. At the same time of outdoor sheds curve and the curve of the roof form 2 vivid and elegant, like a dancing ribbon and down in rhythmic gymnastics, also for the audience to create a comfortable “gray space“, the wave shape also subtly connected with the north and south of the corresponding flat shape of the “water cube“ national conference center and surface modeling.3.The design windowBased on the above design concept, we will carefully build for architecture to integrate into the in all details.3.1Humanistic designBreaking the previous layer 1. Upper and lower half the humanized design of the audience on the concept of layer 2 overhead platform, using terrain and half layer, adopt the way of the ramp is easier to reach the audience entrance foyer, implement the subchannel.3.2The barrier-free facilitiesTaking into full consideration the needs of all kinds of disabled audience, blind road, ramp, elevator, health asked with seats barrier-free seats, etc., embody humanistic care.4. The design of science and technology4.1The solar photovoltaic technologyGymnasium grid photovoltaic power station of the construction of the south, is China's first combined with stadium building main body of the solar system. Solar panels installed on the roof and the south glass curtain wall in the gym, not only to generate electricity, also have buildings provide shade, daylighting, the function of the rain. Mainly responsible for the underground garage lighting on generating stations, away from the grid peak during the day.4.2LED energy-saving light sourceThe gym night view lighting using LED technology, LED, low power consumption, long life, is the most advanced energy-saving light source.4.3 Water source heat pump technologyUSES the water source heat pump system for facility operation after the game to provide living hot water on duty and winter heating hot water, improve the energy efficiency at a time. Constant active trigeneration, preparation of living hot water, auxiliary air conditioning.4.4The stadiums intelligentUsing intelligent monitoring and control system, the stadium in all kinds of mechanical and electrical equipment operation, safety, energy use and management of the automatic monitoring, measurement, control and management. Put alarm, TV monitoring, electronic patrolling, equipment monitoring, etc.4.5Optical lighting and ventilationLocated in venues outside of the garbage building and pumping stations for covering the buildings, using optical lighting and ventilation system, in order to solve the lighting and ventilation of underground space.4.6Glass curtain wall systemVertical capacitor derrick and level system of the large span to glass rib stress: vertical by hidden within the boom to a steel beam, play materials, tensile of special section size optimization to a minimum; Horizontal load by inside and outside the glass rib on both sides to concrete column, glass rib colored glaze processing, satisfies the requirement of load-bearing and shading effect.4.7 The bidirectional suspension girder trussNational stadium steel roof truss north and south long 144 m, 114 m wide from east to west. The whole stadium engineering consists of 14 truss, steel roof truss steel weight of the total of 2 800 t, is currently the largest domestic space span of two-way Zhang Xiangang roof truss structure system. Choose a two-way Zhang Xiangang roof system of light steel structure, maximize reduce the quantity of steel. To reduce Is the amount of steel, but also greatly reduces the material in the production, transportation, installation CO gas emissions.In the national stadium, the new material, new technology, new method to introduce the innovation of the Olympic buildings. National stadium is made up of Chinese architectural design and research institute, Switzerland Amp Herzog& and British joint design engineering consultant company. In the whole design process, as the architect for building concept, space, the deepening of the image and material thinking and mature. Wind on the structural, electrical, fire protection, thermal environment, and other technical requirements constantly improve and perfect, the design of the national stadium is constantly changing are logical, gradually approaching perfect change. In numerous, in the design of the national stadium for the industry of new materials, new technology, new method.5.New materials. The new technologyNational stadium as a 21st century human building large stadium, USES a lot of new materials and construction techniques, is not only the demand to express its unique design concept, is also a rational embodiment and application of the progress of human technology.5.1The use of new materials and new technology to the design and construction have brought a big challenge, but at exactly meet the challenge of creative problem solving and process, make the “bird's nest“ this unprecedented grand engineering down-to-earth Step by step implementation, but also makes valuable experience in the related aspects, ability and breakthrough, for China's building material to improve the level of making an important contribution.highly complex steel structure National stadium large-span structure is currently one of the span in the world's largest sports building, building roof angled saddle, big span roof support on 24 pillar of truss, column distance of 37.958 m. Roof structure using cross plane truss system, around the main truss roof hole I3 ring beam distribution. There are 22 nature, direct or indirect pass-through main truss, in order to avoid overly complex nodes, 4 shows the main truss truncation near the ring beam. Due to the main Truss with inner tangent, some of the main truss in the out-of-plane bending, 24 root truss and the main truss facade structure together form the lateral resistance system. When part adopts a reinforced concrete frame shear wall structure system, and large span steel structure completely off. Is used by a large number of steel plate welded together box component, component cross section size is huge, there are a lot of space distortion artifacts. The experimental results verify the reliability of the design and calculation. National stadium steel structure design of many achievements both unprecedented challenge, solve the design of their own problems, and on the premise of ensuring the safety of structure to reduce the amount of steel, makes the “bird's nest“ design, and for steel structure in our country, at the same time Meter, processing and installation technology and so on played the warbler will boost.5.2New building materials and technology of membrane structure of the national stadium roof consists of steel structure and membrane structure. Membrane structure made up of two parts. Top inlay in the steel structure of the upper beam grid ask transparent ETFE membrane structure and the lower hanging in the steel structure of the lower beam translucent PTFE membrane structure under the ceiling. Upper ETFE membrane structure makes the “bird's nest“ steel network effect more dash forward show, and for the stadium floor stand area and the distribution of each audience hall provides the function of the rain. Lower level of PTFE membrane structure known as acoustic ceiling, in addition to the use of FTFE sound absorption characteristics of membrane materials improve the acoustic environment,During the day because of its half transparency have enough brightness to spectators at the stadium and avoid to produce strong shadows, smooth transition over the stands at the membrane surface to form a smooth, slightly radian membrane structure condole top, hides inside the steel structure and complex structures and equipment of pipeline, the audience's attention can be more focused on the game field.6.Tew methods. The new technologyNational stadium rain flood utilization of rainwater collection, treatment and recycle of three main parts. After dealing with the collection, rainwater is applied to the venue of the lawn irrigation, water cooling air conditioning, flushing and virescence, fire and other 9 class USES, jointly with the municipal high quality water back into the water system of the national stadium. National stadium 22㎞land within the scope of the rainwater from 6 total capacity 12000㎡tank to complete collection, make once every two years Water is not outside, it is the largest rainwater collection facilities at home and abroad. After deep processing is made clean and healthy water recycle water resources per year on average of nearly 60000t, size small, water treatment, advanced braking control system can make the water treatment in automatic mode, the current worldwide for building rainwater recycling biggest, deep processing technology of the most advanced water treatment system.7.Conclusion : National stadium is the contemporary advanced architectural design concept, new technology, new materials, new method and the Chinese excellent culture, idea, talent, technology, a successful combination of strength and display, embodies the “green Olympics, hi-tech Olympics, cultural Olympics“ three big ideas. Chinese and foreign design, scientific research, construction, management and so on various aspects have come at a huge cost and effort. And through the construction of the project more important creatively solve the key technical problems, make China's construction industry gained valuable experience in many ways, the ability and the breakthrough, for China's building at an early date among the made an important contribution to the international advanced level Sports construction is a complex complex, involving many aspects, and faces many problems, so try to find before the design may be the problems encountered in the design, and discusses the solution in advance is necessary to do this you need to discover and explore the problems existing in the actual use. The early stage of the subject through the investigation and research, on-the-spot investigation method, etc. Gymnasium design in a new era under the environment of many functional design requirements, the more we need to in order to develop the actual architectural design.走向理性奥运(体育)建筑 摘要:体育馆建筑的发展概况在人类历史上,体育建筑是随着社会经济的发展而逐步发展起来的,并深受文化观念的影响。公元前 776 年,在古希腊举行的古代奥林匹克运动会是有史可查的最早的体育运动会。而当时的运动设施是围绕宙斯神殿逐步形成的,已经形成了服务设施。1.体育馆建筑属于大型公共建筑,建筑规模大、内部功能要求较高,因此我们在设计前期研究的基本内容应包含:对体育建筑空间功能分析设计,并进行详尽的结构概念设计,保证空间的多功能化和结构设计的合理性、安全性和经济性。体育馆的空间多功能化,设计中强调功能分区以及各种人流流线的合理性、便捷性,以实现体育建筑的可持续发展。体育馆的空间功能基本分为两大部分:比赛场地空间和观众席及辅助用房。从空间的组合看,比赛场地的空间在体形上处于主空间地位,它在造型构图上应处主要位置并显露出其大空间的特点,辅助用房处于次要空间地位。如今体育建筑将要求主空间在体育运动领域功能扩大化,附属空间向其他领域延伸并进行多种经营。在此我们以国家体育馆“鸟巢”为例,来阐述体育建筑的理性发展路程。2.设计理念及设计构思国家体育馆以中国“飘带“为设计灵感,结合比赛场地和热身场地对净空不同要求的功能因素,采取南高北低的波浪式造型,屋面轻盈而富于动感。同时室外棚架的曲线和屋面形成2条生动飘逸的曲线,犹如艺术体操中上下舞动的飘带,也为观众营造了一个舒适的“灰空间”,这种波浪造型也巧妙地连接
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