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    广西科技大学毕业设计(论文)外文翻译课题名称 节能建筑、绿色建筑与可持续发展建筑 学 院 土木建筑工程学院 专 业 建筑学 班 级 建筑 091班 学 号 200900503024 姓 名 黄冠仲 指导教师 黄维拥 谭韵 2014年 3 月 2 日原文:Energy-saving buildings, green buildingand sustainable development in constructionAbstract : This paper presents the architecture of the current energy situation, from the conceptual and technical expounded the energy-saving buildings, green building and sustainable development of the concepts and architecture, analyzes the three species of the relationship between architecture, that the construction of energy-saving and make today's building energy efficiency goals. Keywords : building energy conservation; Green architecture; Building sustainable development 0 Introduction accelerate the construction of a conservation-minded society is an important national policy. and the construction of energy-saving and sustainable development is one of the priority tasks. As we all know, the construction industry is typical of a large number of energy-consuming industries, construction, operation, maintenance needs of large amounts of energy. It is estimated that the total global energy consumption of about 45% ~ 50% from the architectural energy consumption. China is in the building housing the peak period of construction is the largest in China and the history of the world, are unprecedented. Currently, China's urban and rural construction total area of about 400 million square meters, South (Shanghai) According to an analysis of building energy consumption is equivalent to the total energy consumption of 2,514%. Northern areas (such as Beijing) would like to add on the basis of heating energy consumption and the construction of thermal insulation material energy, the total energy consumption of 33%. It is expected that in 2020, China will increase the construction area of about 30 billion square meters. Building China's energy consumption is bound to cause energy consumption in the long run. Thus, energy-saving construction, the development of energy-saving construction, green building and sustainable development architecture is essential, and far-reaching significance. An energy-saving building energy-saving buildings refers to the use of new wall materials and the use of various energy-saving measures to meet the standards of construction, involve many technical fields, the following major elements. (1) the construction and application of energy-saving design : the need to promote energy-saving awareness of the architects, play in the design of energy-saving building energy-saving construction and the basis for the decision, attention to building energy conservation “inherently deficient“ program design right after the implementation of building energy conservation from the waste of investment. (2) new energy, and the development of new technologies : Solar construction, and promote the application will be effective in saving conventional energy and pollution-free, thermal comfort conditions are good; Meanwhile, summer cooling, ventilation and new technology to heat the promotion and application of air conditioning will be able to save energy and improve the urban environment. (3) improve the building envelope : Building Envelope energy consumption is the main way must strictly abide by national laws and regulations, retaining control of the thermal targets, raising the hermetic window, and actively promote the use of new building materials, to achieve light weight, thermal insulation, cheap goals. (4) Pay attention to energy-saving equipment : total energy consumption in construction, air conditioning and lighting equipment for consumption of 60% ~ 80%, improve energy-saving equipment operating on a great contribution to building energy conservation, we must solve equipment efficiency, energy saving control systems, the use of energy-saving operation and other issues. (5) Property management and use of energy-saving operation : energy-saving buildings in the property management of the energy-saving measures also apply to concentrate on the management of the residential building, but must be used to strengthen. 2 Green Building Green Building through the overall design, integrated configuration green, natural ventilation and natural lighting. Energy-efficient building envelope, energy use, water recycling, green building materials and other high-tech intelligent control, Site planning is reasonable and efficient use of resources recycling and energy-saving measures comprehensive and effective, building a healthy, comfortable environment. waste emissions reductions sound, flexible and suitable for building functional characteristics of six. It not only to meet people's physical and psychological needs, and energy and resource consumption of the most economically reasonable, the environmental impact of the smallest. In essence, green building design is a way of thinking of the implementation of green building, means that we must now adjust to the destructive lifestyle, so that it can survive with a fragile environment to maintain a balance; the other hand, architects have to deal with the concept of green all the design elements, fully utilize the existing results, to the spirit of innovation to study new measures to make construction work more harmonious with the environment. Green Building first concern is how to use energy and other resources of the various conceptual issues. Green Building from the point of view of people is inappropriate to the consumption of non-renewable energy and resources, and produce significant pollution affecting the planet and the future of humanity. Nature has actually can supply alternative energy and clean energy, such as most of the illumination provided from sunlight, Cooling air flow can be generated, the heating can be partially or completely from the human body and office equipment Fever won. On the use of resources, should be discarded waste and the use of the one-time long-term concepts and make more use of renewable resources and alternative resources. Second on the building itself, green building design to give the building to life, to make construction and the environment, Climate breathing and dialogue, building from the beginning construction, operation and to the final destruction of the environment the smallest impact Therefore construction is a living organism. The third area is on the man-made environment and comfortable standard. Green building is on an active interest in the construction, interior decoration materials to choose from the use of adhesives. to the office and living facilities in place, they must go through rigorous testing, no indoor pollution. Negative Effects of the Earth's environment can be selected. Green Building comfortable on the new definition is able to reflect seasonal changes, according to the needs of individual local indoor temperature change, humidity and landscape environment. In such a self-regulating construction, the user through the use of flexible, less reliance on mechanical devices, so indoor and outdoor environment has become more comfortable. 3 sustainable development architecture “sustainable development“ concept, the development of human society is a major change, Building sustainable development is the concept of sustainable development in the area of construction, Energy-saving construction is the theoretical study of a major breakthrough. At present, people in sustainable development aspects of construction have reached the following consensus : (1) in a healthy, diversification and sustainable human and natural conditions for coexistence; (2) interdependence. human design elements of interaction with the natural world, and as a basis for; (3) Respect for the spiritual and material relationship between, consider living environment, including community living, industry and trade in the spiritual and material awareness among existing and evolutionary; (4) of the human prosperity, natural systems and the vitality of man and nature coexist in the consequences of design responsibility; (5) to create long-term value of the security things, not in products and manufacturing standards inadvertently add to the potential dangers of future generations to maintain or alert; (6) Elimination of waste concept, assess and optimize the product and its process of the life cycle, natural systems to achieve the non-state waste; (7) dependence on natural energy flows, human design, as should the natural world, safe and effective combination of solar and other energy sources for use; (8) understanding the design constraints, There can be no lasting human creation, the design will not solve all the problems in the design and should be humble before, natural as a model and mentor, not obstacles. (9) for the sharing of knowledge generated through improvements to encourage academics, sponsors, manufacturers and users of direct and open links to dedicated to maintaining long-term sustainable considerations, re-establish natural processes and human activities in an integrated relationship between. From the ecological construction, green building development to sustainable development architecture, includes the construction of energy-saving, In order to clarify the content of energy-saving construction and extension, it is necessary to ecological construction, green building and sustainable development of the construction of these three types of viewpoints and methods put together for Analysis. 4 3 types of building the relationship between architecture and energy-saving green building is the two concepts. Energy-saving architecture is based on energy-saving design standards for design and construction, so that during the course of construction to reduce energy consumption. Green architecture is defined as providing people with health, comfort, safety live, work and activities of the space, At the same time building the whole life cycle (material production, construction planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance and demolition. Reuse process) to achieve high efficiency in the use of resources (energy, land, water, materials), minimum environmental impact of buildings. Green building development to sustainable development architecture, includes the construction of energy-saving, energy-saving buildings from the effective use of conventional energy, make full use of new energy sources for the development of a simple model of energy, climate and the environment both in the integrated model. “Ecology“ has been the concept of the 20th century from the 1970s and 1980s in a narrow, small-scale, self-cycle extended to the meaning of today's economic and ecological, cultural ecology, global ecology much broader scope; “Green“ has made it a common meaning, the use of the term, it is easy to be with the environmental, energy, health, efficiency of the significance linked to the current “green“ in some industries have not only a simple, full of ideals and passion in the slogan, which has become a series of quantitative criteria. “Sustainable development“ in the ecological, economic, social and technological fields has its own definition, Building sustainable development thinking is not a creation, which is ecological, green, energy, local, climate, traditional concepts such as the synthesis. Energy-saving design of the new development should be compatible with the principle of sustainable development, that is to say, energy-saving buildings should include construction of energy efficient, sustainable use and construction on the environment, The health impact of a wider range of content, which is the extension of the energy-saving construction. Energy-saving buildings, green building and sustainable development of the relations between architecture as shown in figure 1. 5 construction status and potential for energy saving in China is the world's high-energy-consuming countries in the world, building energy-saving has great potential. State Council Development Research Center, began in early 2003 “organized by the country's comprehensive energy strategy and policy research“ : China established nearly 40 billion square meters of building 99% belong to the high energy construction, the new architecture, still more than 95% of building energy consumption is high, unit area of energy consumption for the developed countries more than three times. It is understood that Beijing urban area 3. 700 million square meters, the residential area of 200 million square meters. centralized heating 114.3 billion square meters area. Beijing implementation of the Building Energy Efficiency Standard provides only a standard heating, The standards promulgated in 1981 to the architectural design specification provides heating per square meter area of a standard coal burning heating quarter 25 kg to 100%, in 1988 implemented a 30% energy saving design standards, a requirement for 17. 5 kg. This is the first building energy-saving design standards. 1998 is the next step in the implementation of energy-saving 50% of the design standards, Heating per square meter to reduce coal consumption by 12. 5 kg below. Currently preparing for the implementation of the third step of the energy-saving 65%, energy consumption dropped to eight. 75 kg, was originally prepared in 2010 before implementation of the standard. The second half of 2005, promulgated the “Beijing residential building energy-saving design standard.“ have the original energy-saving 50% to 65% energy saving made clear that and called for the start of new construction projects implemented. At present, China's energy-saving and green construction work, there are still many problems [4] : First, the whole society is not sufficiently aware of energy conservation and green building of great significance, lack of energy conservation and green building the basic knowledge and awareness of the initiative; Second is the energy conservation and green building of the lack of effective incentive policies to guide and nurture; 3 is the lack of workable compulsory main interests of all parties must actively participate in energy conservation, energy, water conservation and environmental protection laws and regulations; four energy-saving construction, energy, water, and wood and comprehensive environmental standards have been established; 5 is the lack of effective administrative oversight system. 6 conclusion of a building energy efficiency to benefit the career, for the development of the China Building Energy Efficiency objectives : The first stage of 2010, National new building for more than a third to achieve energy-saving construction and green building standards and, The main towns of the country's total energy consumption of buildings to achieve energy saving 50%; The second stage, up to 2020, To further promote green building and energy-saving buildings, so that t
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