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    Anthony SullyB asisInterior Design: Conceptual 1144.5 bject-to-Object Fixing/Support Systems4 Construction ConceptExamples chosen are those I consider to be the most common in interior design and exclude the many decorative items that exist:A. Door to partition—fxing required (access provision)B. Worktop to supporting framework—fxing required (working surface)C. A table—loose support system (multifunctional surface)D. A chair—loose support system (seating)E. Shelf to supporting framework—fxing required (display and storage)F. Stair tread to supporting elements—fxing required (vertical circulation plus E)The combination of shelving and framework can produce many items of furniture such as wardrobes and storage cupboards of all kinds. There are also many smaller independent objects such as light fttings and mirrors plus a plethora of other objects which are not included in this conceptual focus of the broad subjects listed above.I expand on more support systems in Chap. 5 when I focus on the materials used. Of course, many design solutions could merge any of the above and overlaps can occur.4.5.1 oor to PartitionOne of the greatest departures from the conventional door in recent times must be the evolution door designed by the Austrian artist Klemens Torggler (Figs. 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17 and 4.18). The evolution door (made 2013, sized 1300 mm × 2600 mm × 36 mm) is made out of wood, MDF, lacquer, cellular rubber and steel (hinges and mechanics). There are a few variations on this door, one with the origami-esque triangles that fold out to help the door move and another system with rods that rotate two square panels. The beauty of this idea is that it has re-examined the function of doorway access. The mechanisms that we are used to in the past are either a hinged single panel or a hinged folding panel, or a sliding panel. This product comes under the category of ‘Mechanics of Operation’ (MOO) as discussed in my last book on page 138. Let us examine the stages Torggler might have gone through:1. He divided the opening into two separate square panels, which are just larger than the opening, as shown in Fig. 4.13. All photographs were taken by Akos Vincze.2. He then decided against the common practice of sliding the door horizontally in this position but conceived of two fxed pivot points, one at the head and one at the base, to rotate the two panels as shown in Fig. 4.14.3. But in order for the square panels to effect a rotation, they each had to fold along the diagonal but also pivoting on one corner only, the other corner being unat-tached, as shown in Figs. 4.15 and 4.16. They fold outwards away from the wall, which means the door takes up part of the room territory as shown in Fig. 4.17.4. This enabled the fnal action of closure to be achieved as shown in Fig. 4.18.4.5 Object-to-Object Fixing/Support Systems 115Fig. 4.13 Evolution door 1Fig. 4.14 Evolution door 2116Fig. 4.15 Evolution door 34 Construction ConceptFig. 4.16 Evolution door 44.5 Object-to-Object Fixing/Support Systems 117Fig. 4.17 Evolution door 5Fig. 4.18 Evolution door 61184.5.2 orktop to Supporting Framework4 Construction ConceptA worktop can be described as being part of an independent piece of furniture such as a desk, or a fxed, built-in surface such as exists in kitchens, workshops or laboratories. Offces can sometimes use free-standing tables of various sizes to suit, for a multitude of uses depending upon their location. The worktops in Figs. 4.19, 4.20 and 4.21 follow on with my MOO category with ingenious dual use of the space as a seated work area or a cleared foor area.Fig. 4.19 Worktops down for use. Arts Council Regional Offce, West Midlands, England, 2012. Architects Moxon. Photograph by Simon KennedyFig. 4.20 Worktops begin to be raised off the foor4.5 Object-to-Object Fixing/Support Systems 119Fig. 4.21 Table up in vertical positionFig. 4.22 Didomestic apartment showing drop-down support system from ceiling. Photograph by Miguel de Guzmán. www.imagensubliminal.comThe table has a locating device to hold it in the foor, and it is hinged to the wall as shown in Fig. 4.19. The supporting plane has a mitred hinged joint meeting the work-top. A cable winches the table up to the vertical position as seen in Figs. 4.20 and 4.21.Another example in Figs. 4.22 and 4.23 is of a MOO design for a Didomestic apartment in Madrid designed by Elii Architects: Uriel Fogué, Eva Gil, Carlos Palacios. This is their project description:120 4 Construction ConceptFig. 4.23 Section through didomestic apartmentThe challenge was to create a design that makes optimal use of the reduced space by creating fexible rooms that can be adapted for different activities throughout the day.Four sliding panels allow the ground foor to be either opened up or divided into a series of smaller spaces, allowing the space to adapt to fulfl various needs, such as adding an extra room for a guest, separating the kitchen from the living room area or opening the whole foor for a party. The moving panels, which are inte-grated into the central core and run along guide rails, have transparent sections so the natural lighting coming through the mansard roof can reach the entire space.Other features reveal wardrobes built into one of the walls and a picnic table and bench that lower down from the kitchen ceiling. A rotating handle on the wall controls the pulleys needed to lower this furniture from the ceiling, while other handles can be used to create an auxiliary kitchen table and shelves.All these elements are integrated within the foor and the ceiling, and they appear and disappear at the user’s whim. The secret trap doors and the sliding panels complement the basic confguration, ft the needs of the moment and pro-vide different home layout combinations.My last example of a MOO design as shown in Figs. 4.24 and 4.25 is one which signals great changes in the workplace culture as mentioned in my Introduction. The following is a statement by the designers:We wanted to create a space that allowed us to take on multiple characters, a space that will allow us to fex—to be big and small, to rove from solo, to team, to crowd. We wanted to create a space which could be broken down without losing the sense of generosity and openness. We wanted to create a space with embedded opportunity, an infrastructure for work, creating and making.4.5 Object-to-Object Fixing/Support Systems 121Fig. 4.24 Architectural studio, Melbourne by Particular Architects, 2014Fig. 4.25 Adjusting the furniture, architectural studio, Melbourne by Particular Architects, 2014Inspired by the micro living units in Hong Kong, the space is populated with a series of track mounted plywood bookcases which serve as storage, display units and also as dividers. When flled, they form an eclectic and vibrant backdrop to the activity they enclose. Custom desk panels have been design to nestle into rebates in the shelves, creating capacity for increased desk capacity during peak project load periods.1224.5.3 Table4 Construction Concept+table (Figs. 4.26 and 4.27) was developed from Fraaiheid’s working experience in Dutch construction and their desire to make innovative products which easily appeal to a public and that can be put together in 3 min. All the pieces are made Fig. 4.26 +table is designed by Fraaiheid Dutch architects: Daniel Aw, Sjoerd Schaapveld and Rikjan Scholten, 2013Fig. 4.27 +table is designed by Fraaiheid Dutch architects: Daniel Aw, Sjoerd Schaapveld and Rikjan Scholten, 2013
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