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基于制度变迁的我国重大基础设施项目交付模式的演化分析.rar

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    基于 制度 变迁 我国 重大 基础设施 项目 交付 模式 演化 分析
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    硕士学位论文基于制度变迁的我国重大基础设施项目交付模式的演化分析姓 名:吴玉凤学 号:1531114所在院系:经济与管理学院学科门类:管理学学科专业:管理科学与工程指导教师:李永奎二〇一七年十二月A dissertation submitted toTongji University in conformity with the requirements forthe degree of Master of ManagementDecember, 2017Candidate: WU YufengStudent Number: 1531114School/Department: School of Economics and Management Discipline: Management Science Major: Management Science and EngineeringSupervisor: LI YongkuiEvolutionary Analysis of Mega Infrastructure Project Delivery Method in China according to the Institutional Transition基于制度变迁的我国重大基础设施项目交付模式的演化分析吴玉凤同济大学学位论文版权使用授权书本人完全了解同济大学关于收集、保存、使用学位论文的规定,同意如下各项内容:按照学校要求提交学位论文的印刷本和电子版本;学校有权保存学位论文的印刷本和电子版,并采用影印、缩印、扫描、数字化或其它手段保存论文;学校有权提供目录检索以及提供本学位论文全文或者部分的阅览服务;学校有权按有关规定向国家有关部门或者机构送交论文的复印件和电子版;在不以赢利为目的的前提下,学校可以适当复制论文的部分或全部内容用于学术活动。学位论文作者签名:年 月 日 同济大学学位论文原创性声明本人郑重声明:所呈交的学位论文,是本人在导师指导下,进行研究工作所取得的成果。除文中已经注明引用的内容外,本学位论文的研究成果不包含任何他人创作的、已公开发表或者没有公开发表的作品的内容。对本论文所涉及的研究工作做出贡献的其他个人和集体,均已在文中以明确方式标明。本学位论文原创性声明的法律责任由本人承担。学位论文作者签名:年 月 日同济大学 硕士学位论文 摘要I摘要近年来建筑业总产值已经成为继工业、农业和商业之后的第四大支柱产业,基础设施作为国民经济的命脉,对经济的长期稳定增长具有重大的实质性推动作用。但是中国基础设施建设整体存在资金不足、建设缺口大及技术水平落后等问题。一些问题政府可以通过加大基础设施投资、进行合理规划加以解决。而另外一些问题的却应当通过选择合适的项目交付模式来加以解决。项目交付模式决定项目的组织形式和项目结构,间接决定一个项目最终是走向成功还是失败。选择合理且适当的项目交付模式,能够有效地提高工程项目绩效。本文首先梳理了中国建国以来建筑行业相关的政策制度,通过对这些制度进行归类分析,发现中国建筑行业整体沿着弱化中央政府作用、加大放权地方政府、推行市场化原则、引入竞争机制、完善产权制度、完善法律法规体系、成立独立监管机构的方向进行。在地域建设上受宏观政策的影响,沿着东部-西部-中部、从效率优先的不均衡的区域发展战略到注重公平、兼顾效率的区域协调发展战略。制度重点从建国初期严格计划经济体制下注重计划和投资到逐步规范行业管理、 注重质量安全方向发展。接着,本文对中国建国以来的重大基础设施建设的项目交付模式进行分析,对中国建设工程项目交付模式的演化进程进行了分析,并与美国项目交付模式的演化进程比较,发现中美基础设施改革的总体路线基本相同,均遵循国有化-私有化- 市场化的发展路径,且都在改革过程中沿着弱化政府作用、推行市场化原则、引入竞争机制、完善产权制度、引进民间资本、完善法律法规体系、成立独立监管机构的方向进行。但与美国相比,中国社会主义市场经济体制以及现今全球化的趋势,中国可能用更短的时间实现美国几十年的发展演化过程。结合中国情境的特殊性,对过去的政策制度进行改革和创新,制定符合国情而又符合重大基础设施项目交付发展规律的制度才能实现中国重大基础设施建设的快速发展。文章最后对本文的结论进行了总结,并对进一步研究的方向提出了展望。关键词:重大基础设施,项目交付模式,演化,制度变迁Tongji University Master AbstractIIIABSTRACTThe gross output value of construction industry has become the fourth pillar industry after industry, agriculture and commerce recently. As the lifeblood of the national economy, infrastructure plays a significant role in promoting the long-term and stable growth of the economy. However, there are many problems in the infrastructure construction of China, such as insufficient funds, large gap in construction and backward technology. Some problems can be solved by government investment and rational planning. Some other problems should be solved by choosing the appropriate project delivery method. Project delivery method determines the organizational form and project structure, which indirectly determines whether a project is ultimately successful or failed. Choosing a reasonable and appropriate project delivery method can effectively improve the performance of the project. This paper first analyzes the construction industry policies since the founding of the PRC,found that they all follow the direction of weakening of government role, increase the power of local government, the implementation of market-oriented principles, the introduction of competition mechanism, the improvement of property rights system, the introduction of private capital, the improvement of laws and regulations system, the establishment of independent regulatory agencies. Regional construction is affected by macro policies, along the Eastern-West-Central region, from the unbalanced development strategy of efficiency priority to the regional coordinated development strategy which pays attention to equity and efficiency. The system focuses on planning and investment under the strict planned economic system in the early period of the founding of the people's Republic of China to gradually standardize the management of the industry and focus on quality and safety.Then, this paper analyzes the major infrastructure construction project delivery methods since the establishment of the PRC, compared with the evolution of project delivery method of the United States, found that the evolution of Sino US project delivery model is similar, all along the “Centralization-Specialization-Combination” (the central command of the unified management - Specialization - integrated project delivery) spiral rising trend. But compared with the United States, China's socialist market economy and the trend of globalization today, China may realize the development and evolution in more short years that cost the US for decades., We Tongji University Master AbstractIVshould reform and innovate the past policy system combined with the particularity of China's situation, formulate a system that is in line with the national conditions and meet the major delivery rules of infrastructure projects, so as to realize the rapid development of China's major infrastructure construction. The conclusions of this paper are finally summarized, and the prospect of further research is put forward.Key Words: mega infrastructure, project delivery method,evolution, institutional transition
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