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我国建筑业市场化进程测度:指标体系、方法与实证研究.rar

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    硕士学位论文二○一三年二月我国建筑业市场化进程测度:指标体系、方法与实证研究姓 名:丁艳学 号:1333206所在院系:经济与管理学院学科门类:管理学学科专业:管理科学与工程指导教师:乐云教授二〇一六年三月A dissertation submitted toTongji University in conformity with the requirements forthe degree of Master of ManagementName: Ding YanStudent Number: 1333206School: School of Economics and ManagementDiscipline: Management ScienceMajor: Management Science and EngineeringSupervisor: Prof. Yun LeMarch,2016A Measurement of Construction Industry Market-oriented Indicators、Method And Empirical Study我国建筑业市场化进程测度:指标体系、方法与实证研究 丁艳 同济大学学位论文版权使用授权书本人完全了解同济大学关于收集、保存、使用学位论文的规定,同意如下各项内容:按照学校要求提交学位论文的印刷本和电子版本;学校有权保存学位论文的印刷本和电子版,并采用影印、缩印、扫描、数字化或其它手段保存论文;学校有权提供目录检索以及提供本学位论文全文或者部分的阅览服务;学校有权按有关规定向国家有关部门或者机构送交论文的复印件和电子版;在不以赢利为目的的前提下,学校可以适当复制论文的部分或全部内容用于学术活动。学位论文作者签名:年 月 日 同济大学学位论文原创性声明本人郑重声明:所呈交的学位论文,是本人在导师指导下,进行研究工作所取得的成果。除文中已经注明引用的内容外,本学位论文的研究成果不包含任何他人创作的、已公开发表或者没有公开发表的作品的内容。对本论文所涉及的研究工作做出贡献的其他个人和集体,均已在文中以明确方式标明。本学位论文原创性声明的法律责任由本人承担。学位论文作者签名:年 月 日同济大学 硕士学位论文 摘要Ⅰ摘要新中国成立以后,我国一直在探索适合国情的经济体制,完成了从计划经济到市场经济的大转变,从计划和市场并行的“双轨制”到全面的社会主义市场经济制度,再到全面深化改革经济体制。在此背景下,我国建筑业作为国民经济的支柱产业,取得了快速发展,建筑业总产值增长迅速、建筑企业快速发展、建筑市场结构不断优化。有关我国建筑业市场化问题类似研究始于 20 世纪 90 年代,但学者们仅仅围绕建筑业“改革措施”及其影响展开讨论,缺乏就“建筑业市场化水平”这一命题进行衡量的评价方法研究,更缺乏通过定量评价回答“建筑业市场化水平如何”这一重要问题,也没有针对不同市场化程度下的建筑业政策措施进行系统性分析。因此,对我国建筑业市场化进程进行科学、全面、合理的定量化测量是一项具有重要理论和实践意义的工作。而本文正是要开启我国建筑业市场化理论的探索和研究,通过构建建筑业市场化进程评价指标体系和方法,对建筑业市场化进程进行定量评价,测度结果可推进我国建筑业经济体制改革的理论和实践。本文借鉴樊纲等(2003)和北京师范大学与资源管理研究所(2005)的“市场化”指数,并结合我国建筑业市场构成及运行自身特点,分别通过理论分析、频度统计、专家咨询等方法,试图构建一套既能对我国建筑业市场化进行全面客观研究,又能与国内同类代表性研究进行横向比较的测度指标体系。从政府行为规范化、企业多元所有制和主体自由化、市场发育程度三个方面 7个二级指标以及 19 个三级指标,对我国建筑业市场化进程进行理论和实证分析,测算出了 2003 年至 2012 年我国建筑业市场化程度水平。结果表明,尽管经过30 多年的市场化改革,我国已经初步建立起社会主义市场经济体制,但是我国建筑业市场化进程明显滞后于整体经济市场化水平。同时,从政府、企业、市场三个方面看,也表现出明显差异:政府行为规范化指数变化不明显且呈波动趋势;企业多元所有制和主体自由化指数逐年显著上升;市场发育程度指数总体呈上升趋势,但个别年份出现小幅度下滑。尽管我国建筑业市场化水平整体滞后,且市场发展参差不齐,但建筑业市场化的实证分析和具体实践已经证实,建筑业市场化是一个由政府主导的循序渐进的过程。如今,市场配置资源的制度已经基本建立,市场化是建筑业发展必须坚持的方向。关键词:市场化,建筑业市场化进程,指标体系,进程测度Tongji University Master AbstractⅢABSTRACTAfter the founding of New China, China has been exploring the political system suited to China's national conditions, reformed from industrial building in the early days of foundation to comprehensive reform proposed in the Third Plenary Session, and then to the scientific concept of development proposed in The Sixteenth Congress. It changed the China step by step. Correspondingly, the economy in China has experienced a major economic transition from a planned economy to a market economy. It is changed from the “double track“ of plan and market parallel to comprehensive socialist market economic system, and then to comprehensively deepen reform of economic system in an all-round way. Under this background, the construction industry has achieved rapid development in our country, which showed that the construction industry output is growing rapidly, construction enterprise get fast development, and the structure of the construction market constantly optimized. However , the development of construction industry also has many problems, which involved in all aspects of the construction industry.The related our country construction industry marketability question’s similar research began in the late-1990s. But this research has not weighed our country construction industry marketability degree rationale and the methodology conducts the research, through the empirical study had not replied that “actually the degree of construction industry marketability” this important question, also has not put forward the corresponding policy proposal on the different marketability degree’s under China construction policy trend. Therefore, how making the science to economic system’s marketability advancement the quantification measure is an item has the important theory value and the practice significance work. Research of this paper is to make up for the research blank, open exploration and research in the theory of marketization of China's construction industry. It will achieved through building the evaluation theory and the technical framework of China's construction industry marketization process. By means of building the evaluation index system of construction industry marketization process, we can quantitative value on the construction process of marketization, and the results will promote the reform of China's construction industry economic theory and practice.This article attempt to construct a set both to be able to conduct comprehensive, objective and the long-enduring research to the Chinese marketability, and marketability synthesis measure method which might compare with the domestic similar representative research. It is based on Fan Gang and so on (2003) with the Beijing Normal University and resource management research institute (2005) “the marketability” the index, through theoretical analysis, frequency statistics, expert advice and other methods , and unifies our country construction industry development own characteristic. It carrying on the theory and the empirical analysis to present stage our country and the marketization level of construction industry from 2003 to Tongji University Master Abstract Ⅱ2012. Through the act of 3 first-level targets, named standardization of government acts, multiple Ownership and liberalization of economic entities, the degree of market development, as well as 7 second-level targets. The result indicated that although undergoes more than 30 year marketability reforms, our country already initially established the socialist market economic system, but our country construction industry marketability advancement presents the entire lag. Simultaneously, each area of the index showed significant differences: the standardization of government acts index showed a trend of fluctuations; the multiple Ownership and liberalization of economic entities index presented a significant rise year by year; and the degree of market development index rose overall but a few years in a small range.The research believed that the marketization of construction is a gradual process, which mainly dominated by the government, the market economy has been affecting China construction industry economy growth and the development more and more profoundly, which has been confirmed through the construction industry marketability’s empirical analysis and the concrete practice, although our country construction industry marketability horizontal whole lag.Now, the market disposition resources’ system has established basically, it is able to fundamentally change the backwardness of Chinese construction industry.Key Words: marketization, construction industry marketization, indicator system, measurement of marketization process
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