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深井冲击地压的预测与防治现状综述.rar

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    深井 冲击 地压 预测 防治 现状 综述
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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 I 页目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 .........................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ......................................................................................................................11.1.1 位置与交通 ..........................................................................................................11.1.2 地形地貌及水系 ..................................................................................................11.1.3 气候与气象 ..........................................................................................................21.1.4 地震烈度 ..............................................................................................................21.1.5 矿区经济概况 ......................................................................................................21.1.6 水源及电源 ..........................................................................................................21.2 井田地质特征 ..............................................................................................................31.2.1 地层 ......................................................................................................................31.2.2 构造 ......................................................................................................................41.2.3 水文地质特征 ......................................................................................................41.2.4 地质勘查程度 ......................................................................................................61.3 煤层特征 ......................................................................................................................61.3.1 煤层特征 ..............................................................................................................61.3.2 煤质 ......................................................................................................................71.3.3 煤层开采技术条件 ..............................................................................................82 井田境界和储量 .......................................................................................112.1 井田境界 ....................................................................................................................112.1.1 井田范围 ............................................................................................................112.1.2 开采界限 ............................................................................................................112.1.3 井田尺寸 ............................................................................................................112.2 矿井工业储量 ............................................................................................................122.2.1 储量计算基础 ....................................................................................................122.2.2 勘探程度 ............................................................................................................122.2.3 矿井地质储量计算 ............................................................................................132.2.4 矿井工业储量计算 ............................................................................................142.3 矿井可采储量 ............................................................................................................152.3.1 井田边界保护煤柱 ............................................................................................152.3.2 工业广场保护煤柱 ............................................................................................152.3.3 断层保护煤柱 ....................................................................................................172.3.4 风井保护煤柱 ....................................................................................................172.3.5 矿井可采储量 ....................................................................................................17中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 II 页3 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ...........................................193.1 矿井工作制度 ............................................................................................................193.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 ................................................................................193.2.1 确定依据 ............................................................................................................193.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 ............................................................................................193.2.3 矿井服务年限 ....................................................................................................203.2.4 井型校核 ............................................................................................................204 井田开拓 ...................................................................................................224.1 井田开拓的基本问题 ................................................................................................224.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置 ............................................................................224.1.2 工业场地的形状和面积 ....................................................................................254.1.3 阶段划分和开采水平的确定 ............................................................................254.1.4 主要开拓巷道 ....................................................................................................264.1.5 开拓方案比较 ....................................................................................................264.2 矿井基本巷道 ............................................................................................................404.2.1 井筒 ....................................................................................................................404.2.2 井底车场及硐室 ................................................................................................444.2.3 大巷 ....................................................................................................................464.2.4 巷道支护 ............................................................................................................505 准备方式— 带区巷道布置 .......................................................................515.1 煤层地质特征 ............................................................................................................515.1.1 带区位置 ............................................................................................................515.1.2 带区煤层特征 ....................................................................................................515.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ................................................................................515.1.4 水文地质 ............................................................................................................515.1.5 地质构造 ............................................................................................................515.1.6 地表情况 ............................................................................................................515.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统 ........................................................................................525.2.1 带区准备方式的确定 ........................................................................................525.2.2 带区巷道布置 ....................................................................................................525.2.3 带区生产系统 ....................................................................................................525.2.4 带区生产能力及采出率 ....................................................................................535.2.5 煤柱尺寸的确定 ................................................................................................545.2.6 带区内巷道掘进方法 ........................................................................................545.3 带区车场选型计算 ....................................................................................................545.3.1 带区车场的形式 ................................................................................................54中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 III 页5.3.2 带区车场的调车方式 ........................................................................................555.3.3 带区主要硐室布置 ............................................................................................556 采煤方法 ...................................................................................................576.1 采煤工艺方式 ............................................................................................................576.1.1 带区煤层特征及地质条件 ................................................................................576.1.2 确定采煤方法及采煤工艺方式 ........................................................................576.1.3 回采工作面参数 ................................................................................................596.1.4 回采工作面采煤机、刮板输送机选型 ............................................................596.1.5 采煤工作面支护方式 ........................................................................................626.1.6 端头支护及超前支护方式 ................................................................................676.1.7 各工艺过程注意事项 ........................................................................................686.1.8 采煤工作面正规循环作业 ................................................................................706.1.9 综合机械化采煤过程中应注意事项 ................................................................726.2 11101 首采工作面回采巷道布置 ...........................................................................726.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ............................................................................................726.2.2 回采巷道参数 ....................................................................................................727 井下运输 ...................................................................................................787.1 概述 ............................................................................................................................787.1.1 井下运输设计的原始条件和数据 ....................................................................787.1.2 运输距离和货载量 ............................................................................................787.1.3 矿井运输系统 ....................................................................................................787.2 带区运输设备选择 ....................................................................................................797.2.1 设备选型原则 ....................................................................................................797.2.2 带区设备的选型 ................................................................................................797.2.3 带区运输能力验算 ............................................................................................817.3 大巷运输设备选择 ....................................................................................................828 矿井提升 ...................................................................................................838.1 矿井提升概述 ............................................................................................................838.2 主井提升 ....................................................................................................................838.2.1 箕斗 ....................................................................................................................838.2.2 提升机 ................................................................................................................838.2.3 钢丝绳技术特征 ................................................................................................848.2.4 提升能力验算 ....................................................................................................848.3 副井提升 ....................................................................................................................85中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 IV 页9 矿井通风及安全 .......................................................................................879.1 矿井地质、开拓、开采概况 ....................................................................................879.1.1 矿井地质概况 ....................................................................................................879.1.2 开拓方式 ............................................................................................................879.1.3 开采方法 ............................................................................................................879.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库 ............................................................................889.1.5 工作制、人数 ....................................................................................................889.2 矿井通风系统的选择 ................................................................................................889.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ................................................................................889.2.2 矿井通风系统的确定 ........................................................................................889.2.3 带区通风系统的确定 ........................................................................................909.3 矿井风量计算 ............................................................................................................919.3.1 通风容易时期和通风困难时期采煤方案的确定 ............................................919.3.2 各用风地点的用风量和矿井总用风量 ............................................................949.3.3 风量分配及风速验算 ........................................................................................979.3.4 通风构筑物 ........................................................................................................989.4 矿井通风阻力计算 ....................................................................................................989.4.1 计算原则 ............................................................................................................999.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线 ............................................................................................999.4.3 矿井通风阻力计算 ............................................................................................999.5 选择矿井通风设备 ..................................................................................................1029.5.1 选择主要通风机的基本原则 ..........................................................................1029.5.2 通风机风压的确定 ..........................................................................................1039.5.3 主要通风机工况点 ..........................................................................................1049.5.4 主要通风机的选择及风机性能曲线 ..............................................................1059.5.5 电动机选型 ......................................................................................................1079.6 安全灾害的预防措施 ..............................................................................................1079.6.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 ..........................................................................1079.6.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ............................
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