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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 I 页目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 ...................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ...........................................................................................................................11.1.1 交通位置 ................................................................................................................11.1.2 地形、地貌和水文情况 ........................................................................................11.1.3 矿区的气候条件 ....................................................................................................11.1.4 地震 ........................................................................................................................31.1.5 矿区电力供应 ........................................................................................................31.1.6 矿区经济状况 ........................................................................................................31.2 井田地质特征 ...................................................................................................................31.2.1 井田地质构造 ........................................................................................................31.2.2 地层 ........................................................................................................................31.2.3 煤系及煤层 ............................................................................................................51.2.4 井田的水文地质特征 ............................................................................................51.3 煤层特征 ...........................................................................................................................61.3.1 煤层特征 ................................................................................................................61.3.2 煤层顶、底板 ........................................................................................................61.3.3 煤质 ........................................................................................................................61.3.4 瓦斯 ........................................................................................................................71.3.5 煤尘 ........................................................................................................................71.3.6 煤的自燃 ................................................................................................................71.3.7 地温 ........................................................................................................................72 井田境界和储量 ...................................................................................................82.1 井田境界 ...........................................................................................................................82.1.1 井田境界划分的原则 ............................................................................................82.1.2 开采界限 ...............................................................................................................82.1.3 井田尺寸 ................................................................................................................82.2 矿井工业储量 ...................................................................................................................82.2.1 储量计算基础 ........................................................................................................82.2.2 井田地质勘探 ........................................................................................................82.2.3 工业资源/储量 .......................................................................................................92. 3 矿井可采储量 ................................................................................................................112. 3.1 安全煤柱留设原则 .............................................................................................112. 3.2 矿井永久保护煤柱损失量 .................................................................................113 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ......................................................143.1 矿井工作制度 .................................................................................................................143.1 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 .....................................................................................143.2.1 矿井设计生产能力确定依据 ..............................................................................14中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 II 页3.2.2 矿井设计生产能力的确定 ..................................................................................143.2.3 矿井服务年限 ......................................................................................................153.2.4 井型校核 .............................................................................................................154 井田开拓 ..............................................................................................................164.1 矿井开拓的基本问题 .....................................................................................................164.1.1 井筒形式,数目,位置及坐标确定 ..................................................................164.1.2 工业广场位置、形状及面积确定 ......................................................................174.1.3 开采水平的确定 ..................................................................................................174.1.4 主要开拓巷道 ......................................................................................................174.1.5 方案比较 ..............................................................................................................184.2 矿井基本巷道 .................................................................................................................264.2.1 井筒 ......................................................................................................................264.2.2 井底车场及硐室 ..................................................................................................294.2.3 主要开拓巷道 ......................................................................................................315 准备方式— 采区巷道布置 ..................................................................................355.1 煤层地质特征 .................................................................................................................355.1.1 采区位置 ..............................................................................................................355.1.2 采区煤层特征 ......................................................................................................355.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ..................................................................................355.1.4 水文地质 ..............................................................................................................355.1.5 地质构造 ..............................................................................................................355.1.6 地表情况 ..............................................................................................................355.2 采区巷道布置及生产系统 .............................................................................................355.2.1 采区位置及范围 ..................................................................................................355.2.2 采煤方法及首采工作面长度的确定 ..................................................................365.2.3 煤柱尺寸的确定 ..................................................................................................365.2.4 确定采区各种巷道的尺寸、支护方式 ..............................................................365.2.5 采区巷道的联络方式 ..........................................................................................365.2.6 采区接替顺序 ......................................................................................................365.2.7 采区生产系统 ......................................................................................................365.2.8 采区内巷道掘进方法 ..........................................................................................375.2.9 采区生产能力及采出率 ......................................................................................385.3 采区车场选型设计 .........................................................................................................396 采煤方法 ..............................................................................................................406.1 采煤工艺方式 ................................................................................................................406.1.1 采区煤层特征及地质条件 ..................................................................................406.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ..............................................................................................406.1.3 回采工作面参数 ..................................................................................................416.1.4 综采工作面的设备选型及配套 ..........................................................................416.1.5 回采工艺 ..............................................................................................................45中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 III 页6.1.6 回采工作面支护方式 ..........................................................................................466.1.7 工作面端头支护和超前支护 ..............................................................................486.1.8 各工艺过程注意事项 ..........................................................................................496.1.9 循环图表、劳动组织、主要技术经济指标 ......................................................506.2 回采巷道布置 .................................................................................................................536.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ..............................................................................................536.2.2 回采巷道参数 ......................................................................................................537 井下运输 ..............................................................................................................567.1 概述 .................................................................................................................................567.1.1 井下运输设计的原始条件和数据 ......................................................................567.1.2 运输距离和货载量 ..............................................................................................567.1.3 矿井运输系统 ......................................................................................................567.2 采区运输设备选择 .........................................................................................................577.2.1 设备选型原则 ......................................................................................................577.2.2 采区运输设备的选型及能力验算 ......................................................................577.3 大巷运输设备选 .............................................................................................................597.3.1 运输大巷设备选择 ..............................................................................................597.3.2 轨道大巷设备选择 ..............................................................................................598 矿井提升 ................................................................................................................................618.1 概述 .................................................................................................................................618.2 主副井提升 .....................................................................................................................618.2.1 主井提升 ..............................................................................................................618.2.2 副井提升 ..............................................................................................................639 矿井通风及安全 ..................................................................................................................569.1 矿井地质、开拓、开采概况 .........................................................................................669.1.1 矿井地质概况 ......................................................................................................669.1.2 开拓方式 ..............................................................................................................669.1.3 开采方法 ..............................................................................................................669.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库 ..............................................................................669.1.5 工作制、人数 ......................................................................................................669.2 矿井通风系统的确定 .....................................................................................................669.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..................................................................................669.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ..........................................................................................679.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择 ..........................................................................................679.2.4 采区通风系统的要求 ..........................................................................................689.2.5 工作面通风方式的确定 ......................................................................................689.2.6 回采工作面进回风巷道的布置 ..........................................................................699.3 矿井风量计算 .................................................................................................................699.3.1 矿井风量计算方法概述 ......................................................................................699.3.2 回采工作面风量计算 ..........................................................................................70中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 IV 页9.3.3 掘进工作面风量计算 ..........................................................................................719.3.4 硐室需要风量的计算 ..........................................................................................729.3.5 其他巷道所需风量 ..............................................................................................729.3.6 矿井总风量计算 ..................................................................................................729.3.7 风量分配 ..............................................................................................................729.4 矿井通风阻力 .................................................................................................................739.4.1 确定矿井通风容易时期和困难时期 ..................................................................739.4.2 矿井通风容易时期和困难时期的最大阻力路线 ..............................................769.4.3 矿井通风阻力计算 ..............................................................................................779.4.4 矿井通风总阻力 ..................................................................................................789.4.5 矿井总风阻及总等积孔 ......................................................................................789.5 矿井通风设备选型 .........................................................................................................799.5.1 通
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