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    矿井 巷道 支护 技术
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    目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征................................................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述.................................................................................................................................................11.1.1 矿区地理位置...............................................................................................................................11.1.2 自然地理概况...............................................................................................................................11.1.3 矿区开发历史及生产建设规划...................................................................................................31.1.4 矿井建设的外部条件...................................................................................................................31.2 地质特征.................................................................................................................................................31.2.1 地层...............................................................................................................................................31.2.2 地质构造.......................................................................................................................................41.2.3 水文地质.......................................................................................................................................41.3 煤层特征.................................................................................................................................................61.3.1 煤层...............................................................................................................................................61.3.2 煤质..............................................................................................................................................61.3.3 开采技术条件..............................................................................................................................61.3.4 勘探程度及存在问题...................................................................................................................72 井田境界和储量..............................................................................................................................................102.1 井田境界................................................................................................................................................102.2 矿井工业储量.......................................................................................................................................102.2.1 构造类型.....................................................................................................................................102.2.2 矿井工业储量的计算及等级圈定............................................................................................102. 3 矿井可采储量......................................................................................................................................122.3.1 各种煤柱损失计算.....................................................................................................................122.3.2 矿井可采储量计算.....................................................................................................................143 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限..................................................................................................153.1 矿井工作制度........................................................................................................................................153.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限............................................................................................................153.2.1 矿井设计生产能力确定依据.....................................................................................................153.2.2 矿井设计生产能力.....................................................................................................................153.2.3 矿井的服务年限.........................................................................................................................153.3 井型校核................................................................................................................................................164 井田开拓..........................................................................................................................................................174.1 井田开拓的基本问题............................................................................................................................174.1.1 井筒形式的确定.........................................................................................................................174.1.2 开采水平的确定、采(带)区划分........................................................................................194.1.3 方案比较.....................................................................................................................................204.2 矿井基本巷道.......................................................................................................................................244.2.1 井筒.............................................................................................................................................244.2.2 开拓巷道.....................................................................................................................................254.2.3 井底车场及硐室.........................................................................................................................255 准备方式—— 带区巷道布置..........................................................................................................................335.1 煤层地质特征........................................................................................................................................335.1.1 带区位置.....................................................................................................................................335.1.2 带区煤层特征.............................................................................................................................335.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况.........................................................................................................335.1.4 水文地质.....................................................................................................................................345.1.5 地质构造.....................................................................................................................................345.1.6 地表情况.....................................................................................................................................345.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统...................................................................................................................345.2.1 带区准备方式的确定.................................................................................................................345.2.2 带区巷道布置.............................................................................................................................355.2.3 带区生产系统.............................................................................................................................355.2.4 带区内巷道掘进方法.................................................................................................................375.2.5 带区生产能力及采出率.............................................................................................................375.3 带区车场选型设计................................................................................................................................396 采煤方法..........................................................................................................................................................406.1 采煤工艺方式........................................................................................................................................406.1.1 带区煤层特征及地质条件.........................................................................................................406.1.2 采煤工艺方式选择....................................................................................................................406.1.3 回采工作面参数.........................................................................................................................416.1.4 回采工作面破煤、装煤方式.....................................................................................................416.1.5 工作面运煤方式......................................................................................................................426.1.6 回采工作面支护方式.................................................................................................................456.1.7 放顶煤参数确定......................................................................................................................466.1.8 回采工作面劳动组织和正规循环作业..................................................................................476.2 回采巷道布置........................................................................................................................................506.2.1 回采巷道布置方式.....................................................................................................................506.2.2 回采巷道参数.............................................................................................................................507 井下运输..........................................................................................................................................................537.1 概述........................................................................................................................................................537.1.1 矿井设计生产能力及工作制度.................................................................................................537.1.2 煤层及煤质.................................................................................................................................537.1.3 运输距离和辅助运输设计.........................................................................................................537.1.4 矿井运输系统.............................................................................................................................537.2 带区运输设备选择................................................................................................................................547.2.1 设备选型原则:.........................................................................................................................547.2.2 带区运输设备选型及能力验算.................................................................................................557.3 大巷运输设备选....................................................................................................................................567.3.1 主运输大巷设备选择.................................................................................................................567.3.2 辅助运输大巷设备选择.............................................................................................................567.3.3 运输设备能力验算.....................................................................................................................588 矿井提升..........................................................................................................................................................608.1 矿井提升概述........................................................................................................................................608.2 主副井提升............................................................................................................................................608.2.1 主井提升.....................................................................................................................................608.2.2 副井提升设备选型.....................................................................................................................619 矿井通风及安全..............................................................................................................................................649.1 矿井地质、开拓、开采概况................................................................................................................649.1.1 矿井地质概况.............................................................................................................................649.1.2 开拓方式.....................................................................................................................................649.1.3 开采方法.....................................................................................................................................649.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库` ...................................................................................................659.1.5 工作制、人数.............................................................................................................................659.2 矿井通风系统的确定............................................................................................................................659.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求.........................................................................................................659.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择.................................................................................................................659.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择.................................................................................................................679.2.4 带区通风系统的要求.................................................................................................................679.2.5 带区通风方式的确定.................................................................................................................689.3 矿井风量计算........................................................................................................................................689.3.1 通风容易时期和通风困难时期采煤方案的确定.....................................................................689.3.2 各用风地点的用风量和矿井总用风量.....................................................................................689.3.3 风量分配.....................................................................................................................................739.4 矿井阻力计算........................................................................................................................................739.4.1 计算原则.....................................................................................................................................739.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线.....................................................................................................................749.4.3 计算矿井摩擦阻力和总阻力:.................................................................................................749.4.4 两个时期的矿井总风阻和总等积孔.........................................................................................769.5 选择矿井通风设备................................................................................................................................789.5.1 选择主要通风机....................................................................................
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