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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 1 页目 录一 般 设 计 部 分1 矿区概述与井田地质特征 .............................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ...............................................................................................................................11.1.1 地理位置与交通情况 ................................................................................................11.1.2 地形、地貌及水系 ....................................................................................................11.1.3 气象与地震 ................................................................................................................31.2 井田地质特征 .......................................................................................................................31.2.1 井田位置、边界范围、拐点坐标、井田面积及相邻矿井边界关系 .....................31.2.2 井田地质概况、地层、含煤地层及构造情况 ........................................................31.2.3 井田的水文地质情况 ................................................................................................41.3 煤层特征 ...............................................................................................................................51.3.1 主要可采煤层情况,煤层赋存条件、煤层层数、厚度、资源储量及煤质煤种 .51.3.2 煤层开采技术条件 ....................................................................................................62 井田境界和储量 .............................................................................................................................82.1 井田境界 ............................................................................................................................82.2 矿井工业储量 ......................................................................................................................92.2.1 储量计算基础 .........................................................................................................92.2.2 矿井工业储量计算 ...................................................................................................92.3 矿井损失煤量 ....................................................................................................................112.3.1 井田边界保护煤柱 ..................................................................................................112.3.2 工业广场保护煤柱 ..................................................................................................112.3.3 断层和井筒保护煤柱 ..............................................................................................123 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ...............................................................................133.1 矿井工作制度 ....................................................................................................................133.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 ........................................................................................133.2.1 确定依据 .................................................................................................................133.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 .................................................................................................143.2.3 矿井服务年限 .........................................................................................................143.2.4 井型校核 .................................................................................................................144 井田开拓 .......................................................................................................................................154.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .........................................................................................................154.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置及坐标 ......................................................................164.1.2 工业场地的位置 ......................................................................................................174.1.3 开采水平的确定及采(带)区的划分 ..................................................................184.1.4 开拓方案比较 ..........................................................................................................184.2 井筒 .....................................................................................................................................274.2.1 主要井筒选择 ..........................................................................................................274.2.2 井底车场 ..................................................................................................................304.2.3 开拓巷道 ..................................................................................................................324.2.4 巷道支护 ..................................................................................................................345 准备方式— 带区准备方式 ...........................................................................................................36中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 2 页5.1 煤层地质特征 .....................................................................................................................365.1.1 带区位置 ..................................................................................................................365.1.2 带区煤层特征 .........................................................................................................365.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 .....................................................................................365.1.4 水文地质 .................................................................................................................365.1.5 地质构造 .................................................................................................................365.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统 ................................................................................................375.2.1 带区准备方式的确定 .............................................................................................375.2.2 带区巷道布置 ..........................................................................................................375.2.3 带区生产系统 .........................................................................................................385.2.4 带区内巷道掘进方法 .............................................................................................395.2.5 带区生产能力及采出率 .........................................................................................405.3 带区车场选型设计 .............................................................................................................415.3.1 带区车场的形式 ......................................................................................................415.3.2 带区车场的调车方式 ..............................................................................................425.3.3 带区主要硐室布置 ..................................................................................................426 采煤方法 .......................................................................................................................................436.1 采煤工艺方式 .....................................................................................................................436.1.1 带区煤层特征及地质条件 .....................................................................................436.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 .................................................................................................436.1.3 回采工作面参数 .....................................................................................................446.1.4 回采工作面破煤、装煤方式 ..................................................................................446.1.5 采煤工作面支护方式 .............................................................................................466.1.6 放顶煤参数确定 .....................................................................................................506.1.7 回采工作面劳动组织和正规循环作业 ...............................................................516.2 回采巷道布置 .....................................................................................................................546.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ..................................................................................................546.2.2 回采巷道参数 ..........................................................................................................557 井下运输 .......................................................................................................................................597.1 概述 .....................................................................................................................................597.1.1 井下运输原始数据 ..................................................................................................597.1.2 矿井运输系统 .........................................................................................................597.2 煤炭运输方式和设备的选择 ............................................................................................597.2.1 煤炭运输方式的选择 .............................................................................................597.2.2 带区煤炭运输设备选型及验算 .............................................................................607.3 大巷运输设备选 .................................................................................................................627.3.1 主运输大巷设备选择 ..............................................................................................627.3.2 辅助运输大巷设备选择 ..........................................................................................627.3.3 运输设备能力验算 ..................................................................................................638 矿井提升 .......................................................................................................................................658.1 矿井提升概述 .....................................................................................................................658.2 主副井提升 .........................................................................................................................658.2.1 主井提升 ..................................................................................................................658.2.2 副井提升 ..................................................................................................................67中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 3 页8.2.3 井上下人员运送 ......................................................................................................689 矿井通风及安全技术 ...................................................................................................................709.1 矿井概况 .............................................................................................................................709.1.1 矿井地质概况 ..........................................................................................................709.1.2 开拓方式 ..................................................................................................................709.1.3 开采方法 ..................................................................................................................709.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库` ................................................................................709.1.5 工作制、人数 ..........................................................................................................709.2 矿井通风系统的确定 .........................................................................................................719.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ......................................................................................719.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ..............................................................................................719.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择 ..............................................................................................729.2.4 带区通风系统的要求 ..............................................................................................729.3 矿井风量计算 .....................................................................................................................739.3.1 工作面所需风量的计算 ..........................................................................................739.3.2 备用工作面需风量计算 ..........................................................................................749.3.3 掘进工作面需风量计算 ..........................................................................................759.3.4 硐室需要风量的计算 ..............................................................................................759.3.5 其他巷道所需风量计算 ..........................................................................................769.3.6 矿井总风量计算 ......................................................................................................769.3.7 风量分配 ..................................................................................................................769.4 全矿通风阻力的计算 .........................................................................................................789.4.1 计算原则 ..................................................................................................................789.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线 ..................................................................................................789.4.3 矿井通风阻力计算 ..................................................................................................819.4.4 井通风总阻力 ..........................................................................................................839.4.5 两个时期的矿井总风阻和总等积孔 ......................................................................839.5 矿井通风设备选型 .............................................................................................................849.5.1 主要通风机选型 ......................................................................................................849.5.2 电动机选型 ..............................................................................................................859.5.3 矿井主要通风设备的要求 .....................................................................................889.5.4 对反风、风峒的要求 ..............................................................................................889.6 安全灾害的预防措施 .........................................................................................................889.6.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 ..................................................................................889.6.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ..............................................................................................899.6.3 防水措施 ..................................................................................................................8910 设计矿井基本技术经济指标 ...................................................................................................90专 题 设 计 部 分浅析深井巷道锚杆支护技术 ...........................................................................................................920 引言 ........................................................................................................................................921 绪论 ........................................................................................................................................921.1 国内外煤矿深井开采的现状 .....................................................................................921.2 煤矿深井开采存
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