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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 ................................................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 .................................................................................................................................................11.1.1 井田位置、范围、自然地理及交通 .........................................................................................11.1.2 矿区工农业生产及矿井建设和生产时期的原料供应、供电情况 .........................................11.2 井田地质特征 .........................................................................................................................................21.2.1 井田内断层构造有如下规律: .................................................................................................51.2.2 岩浆岩倾入的情况 .....................................................................................................................51.2.3 矿井水文地质 .............................................................................................................................51.3 煤层特征 ..................................................................................................................................................61.3.1 含煤性 .........................................................................................................................................61.3.2 煤层围岩性质 .............................................................................................................................81.3.3 煤的特征 .....................................................................................................................................82 井田境界与储量 ..............................................................................................................................................102.1 井田境界 ................................................................................................................................................102.1.1 井田划分的依据 .......................................................................................................................102.1.2 井田范围 ...................................................................................................................................102.2 矿井工业储量 .......................................................................................................................................102.3 矿井可采储量 ......................................................................................................................................112.3.1 工业煤柱压煤 .............................................................................................................................112.3.2 边界保护煤柱 .............................................................................................................................112.3.3 断层保护煤柱 .............................................................................................................................112.3.4 其它煤柱损失 .............................................................................................................................122.3.5 矿井总设计损失储量 .................................................................................................................122.3.6 矿井可采储量 .............................................................................................................................122.3.7 水平可采储量 .............................................................................................................................123 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ..................................................................................................133.1 矿井工作制度 ........................................................................................................................................133.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 ............................................................................................................134 井田开拓 ..........................................................................................................................................................154.1 井田开拓的基本问题 ............................................................................................................................154.1.1 井筒形式的确定 .......................................................................................................................154.1.2 井筒位置的确定采(带)区划分 ...........................................................................................174.1.3 工业场地的位置 .......................................................................................................................174.1.4 开采水平的确定 .......................................................................................................................184.1.5 矿井开拓方案比较 ...................................................................................................................184.2 矿井基本巷道 .......................................................................................................................................234.2.1 井筒 .............................................................................................................................................234.2.2 开拓巷道 .....................................................................................................................................234.2.3 井底车场及硐室 .........................................................................................................................235 准备方式—— 带区巷道布置 ..........................................................................................................................315.1 煤层地质特征 ........................................................................................................................................315.1.1 带区位置 .....................................................................................................................................315.1.2 带区煤层特征 .............................................................................................................................31中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 5.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 .........................................................................................................315.1.4 水文地质 .....................................................................................................................................315.1.5 地质构造 .....................................................................................................................................315.1.6 地表情况 .....................................................................................................................................325.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统 ...................................................................................................................325.2.1 带区准备方式的确定 .................................................................................................................325.2.2 带区巷道布置 .............................................................................................................................335.2.3 带区生产系统 .............................................................................................................................335.2.4 带区内巷道掘进方法 .................................................................................................................345.2.5 带区生产能力及采出率 .............................................................................................................355.3 带区车场选型设计 ................................................................................................................................366 采煤方法 ..........................................................................................................................................................376.1 采煤工艺方式 .......................................................................................................................................376.1.1 采煤方法的选择 ........................................................................................................................376.1.2 回采工作面长度的确定 ............................................................................................................376.1.3 工作面的推进方向和推进度 ....................................................................................................386.1.4 综采工作面的设备选型及配套 ................................................................................................386.1.5 各工艺过程注意事项 ................................................................................................................466.1.6 工作面端头支护和超前支护 ....................................................................................................476.2 回采巷道布置 ........................................................................................................................................536.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 .....................................................................................................................536.2.2 回采巷道参数 .............................................................................................................................537 井下运输 ..........................................................................................................................................................547.1 概述 ........................................................................................................................................................547.1.1 矿井设计生产能力及工作制度 .................................................................................................547.1.2 煤层及煤质 .................................................................................................................................547.2 带区运输设备选择 ................................................................................................................................557.2.1 设备选型原则: .........................................................................................................................557.2.2 带区运输设备选型及能力验算 .................................................................................................557.3 大巷运输设备选择 ................................................................................................................................567.3.1 主运输大巷设备选择 .................................................................................................................567.3.2 辅助运输大巷设备选择 .............................................................................................................577.3.3 运输设备能力验算 .....................................................................................................................588 矿井提升 ..........................................................................................................................................................608.1 矿井提升概述 ........................................................................................................................................608.2 主副井提升 ............................................................................................................................................608.2.1 主井提升 .....................................................................................................................................608.2.2 副井提升设备选型 .....................................................................................................................619 矿井通风及安全 ..............................................................................................................................................649.1 矿井地质、开拓、开采概况 ................................................................................................................649.1.1 矿井地质概况 .............................................................................................................................649.1.2 开拓方式 .....................................................................................................................................649.1.3 开采方法 .....................................................................................................................................649.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库` ...................................................................................................649.1.5 工作制、人数 .............................................................................................................................659.2 矿井通风系统的确定 ............................................................................................................................65中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 9.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 .........................................................................................................659.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 .................................................................................................................659.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择 .................................................................................................................669.2.4 带区通风系统的要求 .................................................................................................................679.2.5 带区通风方式的确定 .................................................................................................................679.3 矿井风量计算 ........................................................................................................................................689.3.1 通风容易时期和通风困难时期采煤方案的确定 .....................................................................689.3.2 各用风地点的用风量和矿井总用风量 .....................................................................................689.3.3 风量分配 .....................................................................................................................................739.4 矿井阻力计算 ........................................................................................................................................749.4.1 计算原则 .....................................................................................................................................749.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线 .....................................................................................................................759.4.3 计算矿井摩擦阻力和总阻力: .................................................................................................759.5 选择矿井通风设备 ................................................................................................................................799.5.1 选择主要通风机 .........................................................................................................................799.5.2 电动机选型 .................................................................................................................................829.6 安全灾害的预防措施 ............................................................................................................................839.6.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 .....................................................................................................839.6.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ......................................................................................
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