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    煤巷锚杆 支护 技术研究
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    目 录一般部分1 矿区概况与井田地质特征....................................................................................11.1 矿区概况 ...................................................................................................................11.1.1 矿区地理位置 ................................................................................................11.1.2 交通位置 ........................................................................................................11.1.3 当地天气气候和降水量 ................................................................................11.1.4 矿区水文情况 ................................................................................................21.1.5 矿区地震情况 ................................................................................................21.2 井田地质特征 ...........................................................................................................21.2.1 勘探工作简况 ................................................................................................21.2.2 含煤地层 ........................................................................................................31.2.3 地质综合柱状图 ............................................................................................51.2.4 地质构造 ........................................................................................................51.2.5 水文地质特征 ................................................................................................61.2.6 矿井涌水量 ....................................................................................................61.3 煤层特征 ...................................................................................................................61.3.1 含煤性 ............................................................................................................61.3.2 煤层顶底板岩性 ............................................................................................71.3.3 煤层特征 ........................................................................................................71.3.4 煤的特征 ........................................................................................................81.3.5 瓦斯、煤尘和煤的自燃 ..............................................................................101.3.6 矿井地温条件 ..............................................................................................112 井田境界和储量 ......................................................................................................122.1 井田境界 .................................................................................................................122.2 矿井工业储量 .........................................................................................................122.2.1 储量计算范围和工业指标的确定 ..............................................................122.2.2 储量级别与计算块段的划分 ......................................................................122.2.3 储量计算方法及参数的确定 ......................................................................132.2.4 工业储量计算 ..............................................................................................142.2.5 矿井可采储量 ..............................................................................................153 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 .................................................................193.1 矿井工作制度 ........................................................................................................193.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 .............................................................................193.2.1 确定依据 ......................................................................................................193.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 ......................................................................................193.2.3 矿井服务年限 ..............................................................................................193.3 井型校核 .................................................................................................................204 井田开拓....................................................................................................................................214.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .............................................................................................214.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置及坐标 ..........................................................214.1.2 工业场地的位置 ..........................................................................................234.1.3 开采水平的确定及带(采)区划分 ..........................................................234.1.4 开拓方案 ......................................................................................................234.1.5 开拓方案比较 ..............................................................................................294.2 矿井基本巷道 .........................................................................................................354.2.1 井筒 ..............................................................................................................354.2.2 井底车场 .....................................................................................................394.2.3 底车场的通过能力演算 ..............................................................................414.2.4 主要开拓巷道 ..............................................................................................425 准备方式— 采区巷道布置........................................................................................................475.1 煤层地质特征 .........................................................................................................475.1.1 采区位置 ......................................................................................................475.1.2 采区煤层特征 ..............................................................................................475.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ..........................................................................475.1.4 水文地质 ......................................................................................................485.2 采区巷道布置及生产系统 .....................................................................................485.2.1 采区准备方式的确定 ..................................................................................485.2.2 采区巷道布置 ..............................................................................................485.2.3 采区生产系统 ..............................................................................................495.2.4 采区内巷道掘进方法 ..................................................................................505.2.5 采区生产能力及采出率 ..............................................................................515.3 采区车场及主要硐室 .............................................................................................525.3.1 确定采区车场形式 ......................................................................................526 采煤方法....................................................................................................................................546.1 采煤工艺方式 .........................................................................................................546.1.1 采区煤层特征及地质条件 ..........................................................................546.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ......................................................................................546.1.3 回采工作面参数 ..........................................................................................546.1.4 采煤工作面破煤、装煤方式 ......................................................................556.1.5 采煤工作面支护方式 .................................................................................576.1.6 端头支护及超前支护方式 ..........................................................................596.1.7 各工艺过程注意事项 ..................................................................................606.1.8 回采工作面正规循环作业 ..........................................................................616.2 回采巷道布置 .........................................................................................................646.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ......................................................................................646.2.2 回采巷道支护参数 ......................................................................................657 井下运输....................................................................................................................................677.1 概述 .........................................................................................................................677.1.1 井下运输设计的原始条件和数据 ..............................................................677.1.2 矿井运输系统 ..............................................................................................677.2 煤炭运输方式和设备的选择 .................................................................................697.2.1 煤炭运输方式的选择 ..................................................................................697.2.2 采区煤炭运输设备选型及验算 ..................................................................697.2.3 运输大巷设备选择 ......................................................................................717.3 辅助运输方式和设备选择 .....................................................................................717.3.1 辅助运输方式选择 ......................................................................................717.3.2 辅助运输设备选择 ......................................................................................728 矿井提升....................................................................................................................................758.1 矿井提升概述 .........................................................................................................758.2 主副井提升 .............................................................................................................758.2.1 已知数据 ......................................................................................................758.2.2 主井提升设备选型 ......................................................................................758.2.2 副井提升 ......................................................................................................779 矿井通风与安全........................................................................................................................799.1 矿井概况、开拓方式及开采方法 .........................................................................799.1.1 矿井地质概况 ..............................................................................................799.1.2 开拓方式 ......................................................................................................799.1.3 开采方法 ......................................................................................................799.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库 ......................................................................799.1.5 工作制、人数 ..............................................................................................799.2 矿井通风系统的确定 .............................................................................................799.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..........................................................................799.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ..................................................................................809.2.3 矿井主要通风机工作方式的选择 ..............................................................819.2.4 采区通风系统的要求 ..................................................................................819.2.5 工作面通风方式的选择 ..............................................................................829.3 矿井风量计算 .........................................................................................................829.3.1 工作面所需风量的计算 ..............................................................................839.3.2 备用面需风量的计算 ..................................................................................849.3.3 掘进工作面需风量 ......................................................................................849.3.4 硐室需风量 ..................................................................................................859.3.5 其它巷道所需风量 ......................................................................................859.3.6 矿井总风量计算 ..........................................................................................859.3.7 风量分配 .....................................................................................................869.4 矿井通风阻力计算 .................................................................................................869.4.1 容易和困难时期矿井最大阻力路线确定 ..................................................869.4.2 矿井通风阻力计算 ......................................................................................919.4.3 矿井通风总阻力计算 ..................................................................................929.4.4 矿井总风阻和等积孔计算 ..........................................................................929.5 选择矿井通风设备 .................................................................................................939.5.1 选择主要通风机 ..........................................................................................939.5.2 电动机选型 ..................................................................................................969.5.3 主要通风机附属装置 ..................................................................................979.6 安全灾害的预防措施 .............................................................................................979.6.1 预防瓦斯爆炸的措施 ..................................................................................979.6.2 煤尘的防治措施 ..........................................................................................979.6.3 火灾的预防措施 ..........................................................................................989.6.4 水灾的预防措施 ..........................................................................................989.6.5 其他安全措施 ..............................................................................................9810 设计矿井基本技术经济指标..................................................................................................99参考文献......................................................................................................................................101专题部分煤巷锚杆支护技术研究..............................................................................................................102参考文献......................................................................................................................................127翻译部分英文原文 .....................................................................................................................128中文译文 .....................................................................................................................139致 谢............................................................................................................................................147一般部分中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 1 页1 矿区概况与井田地质特征1.1 矿区概况1.1.1 矿区地理位置夹河煤矿位于徐州市西北九里区境内,距徐州市约 11km,以夹河矿主井为中心,其地理座标为东经 117°5′13″,北纬 34°18′ 47″,井田东部 F1 号断层下盘以“徐煤局地(85)55 号文” 、上盘以“苏煤基司(87)252 号”文件为界与庞庄矿相邻;西部以西陇海铁路与徐州地方煤炭公司大刘矿和徐州矿务集团公司义安矿为界;浅部自 21#煤层露头,深部至 9#煤层-1250m 等高线。井田走向长 6.9km,倾向长约 5.8km,面积约39.76km2 ,地面标
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