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煤矿瓦斯治理研究现状.rar

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    煤矿 瓦斯 治理 研究 现状
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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科毕业设计 第 I 页目录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 ..................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ...................................................................................................................11.1.1 矿区地理位置与交通 ....................................................................................11.1.2 地形地貌 ........................................................................................................21.1.3 主要河流 ........................................................................................................21.2 井田地质特征 ..........................................................................................................21.2.1 井田地质构造 ................................................................................................21.2.2 煤层特征 ........................................................................................................21.2.3 煤质 ................................................................................................................31.2.4 水文地质特征 ................................................................................................41.2.5 其它开采地质条件 ........................................................................................52 井田境界与储量 ...............................................................................................................62.1 井田境界 ...................................................................................................................62.2 矿井工业储量计算 ...................................................................................................62.2.1 储量计算依据 ................................................................................................62.2.2 地质资源储量 ................................................................................................62.2.3 工业资源储量 ................................................................................................62.2.4 矿井可采储量 ...............................................................................................72.2.5 矿井永久保护煤柱损失量 ............................................................................73 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 .................................................................103.1 矿井工作制度 .........................................................................................................103.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 .............................................................................103.2.1 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限确定依据 ..................................................103.2.2 矿设计生产能力 ..........................................................................................103.2.3 矿井服务年限 ..............................................................................................103.2.4 井型校核 ......................................................................................................114 井田开拓 .........................................................................................................................124.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .............................................................................................124.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置及坐标 ..........................................................124.1.2 工业场地的位置 ..........................................................................................134.1.3 开采水平的确定 ..........................................................................................134.1.4 运输大巷和井底车场的布置 ......................................................................144.1.5 矿井开拓延伸方案及阶段划分 ..................................................................144.1.6 方案比较 ......................................................................................................144.2 矿井基本巷道 ........................................................................................................19中国矿业大学 2012 届本科毕业设计 第 II 页4.2.1 井筒 ..............................................................................................................194.2.2 井底车场及硐室 ..........................................................................................244.2.3 主要开拓巷道 ..............................................................................................265 带区巷道布置 ....................................................................................................................305.1 煤层地质特征 .........................................................................................................305.1.1 带区位置 ......................................................................................................305.1.2 采区煤层特征 ..............................................................................................305.1.3 地质构造 ......................................................................................................305.1.4 顶底板特性 ..................................................................................................305.1.5 水文地质 ......................................................................................................305.1.6 地表情况 ......................................................................................................305.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统 .....................................................................................315.2.1 带区准备方式的确定 ..................................................................................315.2.2 带区巷道布置 ..............................................................................................315.2.3 带区生产系统 ..............................................................................................325.2.4 带区内巷道掘进方法 ..................................................................................335.2.5 带区生产能力及采出率 ..............................................................................335.3 带区车场选型设计 .................................................................................................346 采煤方法 .........................................................................................................................356.1 采煤工艺方式 .........................................................................................................356.1.1 带区煤层特征及地质条件 ..........................................................................356.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ......................................................................................356.1.3 回采工作面长度的确定 ..............................................................................366.1.4 回采工作面的推进方向和推进度 ..............................................................376.1.5 综采工作面的设备配套 ..............................................................................376.1.6 各工艺过程注意事项 .................................................................................426.1.7 工作面端头支护和超前支护 .....................................................................446.1.8 循环图表、劳动组织、主要技术经济指标 ..............................................446.1.9 综合机械化采煤过程中应注意事项 .........................................................486.2 回采巷道布置 .........................................................................................................496.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ......................................................................................496.2.2 回采巷道参数 ..............................................................................................497 井下运输 .........................................................................................................................517.1 概述 .........................................................................................................................517.1.1 井下运输的原始条件和数据 ......................................................................517.1.2 井下运输系统 ..............................................................................................517.2 煤炭运输方式和设备选择 .....................................................................................517.3 辅助运输方式和设备选择 .....................................................................................537.3.1 大巷辅助运输设备选型 ..............................................................................53中国矿业大学 2012 届本科毕业设计 第 III 页7.3.2 带区辅助运输选型 ......................................................................................558 矿井提升 ...........................................................................................................................568.1 矿井提升概述 .........................................................................................................568.2 主副井提升 .............................................................................................................568.2.1 主井提升 ......................................................................................................568.2.2 副井提升 ......................................................................................................589 矿井通风及安全 .............................................................................................................609.1 矿井通风系统选择 .................................................................................................609.1.1 矿井概况 ......................................................................................................609.1.2 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..........................................................................609.1.3 矿井通风方式的确定 ..................................................................................609.1.4 主要通风机工作方式选择 ..........................................................................619.1.5 带区通风系统的要求 ..................................................................................629.1.6 工作面通风方式的选择 ..............................................................................639.1.7 回采工作面进回风巷道的布置 ..................................................................639.1.8 通风构筑物 ..................................................................................................649.2 矿井风量计算 .........................................................................................................649.2.1 通风容易时期和通风困难时期采煤方案的确定 ......................................649.2.2 各用风地点的用风量和矿井总用风量 ......................................................649.2.3 风量分配 ......................................................................................................689.3 矿井阻力计算 .........................................................................................................689.3.1 计算原则 ......................................................................................................699.3.2 矿井最大阻力路线 ......................................................................................699.4.3 计算矿井摩擦阻力和总阻力 ......................................................................749.3.3 两个时期的矿井总风阻和总等积孔 ..........................................................749.4 选择矿井通风设备 .................................................................................................769.4.1 选择主要通风机 ..........................................................................................769.4.2 电动机选型 ..................................................................................................799.5 安全灾害的预防措施 .............................................................................................809.5.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 ......................................................................809.5.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ..................................................................................809.5.3 防水措施 ......................................................................................................8010 设计矿井基本技术经济指标 .........................................................................................81参 考 文 献 .........................................................................................................82专题部分煤矿瓦斯治理研究现状 .......................................................................................................831 煤矿瓦斯治理概述 ........................................................................................................831.1 煤矿瓦斯概念 ......................................................................................................831.2 瓦斯出现形式 .........................................................................................................84中国矿业大学 2012 届本科毕业设计 第 IV 页1.3 爆 炸 ........................................................................................................................841.4 爆 炸 条 件 ...............................................................................................................852 煤矿瓦斯治理技术的现状 ............................................................................................852.1 煤矿瓦斯抽放技术 ..............................................................................................852.2 煤与瓦斯突出防治技术 ......................................................................................862.3 瓦斯综合治理现状 ..............................................................................................873 国内外治理现状差异 .....................................................................................................873.1 国内瓦斯治理现状 ..............................................................................................873.1.1 国内矿井监控系统 ....................................................................................883 .2 国外瓦斯治理现状 ................................................................................................893.2.1 国外矿井监控系统 .....................................................................................903.2.2 传感器 ..........................................................................................................903.3 国内瓦斯治理前景 .................................................................................................914 瓦斯治理措施 ...............................................................................................................924.1 提升瓦斯治理理念 .................................................................................................924.2 建立完善通风系统 .................................................................................................924.2.1 优化通风系统降低通风阻力 ......................................................................924.2.2 进行系统可靠性评价提高通风能力 ..........................................................934.3 矿井瓦斯抽采 .........................................................................................................934.3.1 因地制宜选择抽采方法 ..............................................................................934.3.2 瓦斯抽放价值 ..............................................................................................934.4 建立完善的监测监控系统 .....................................................................................944.5 完善的管理系统 .....................................................................................................945 结论 ....................................................................................................................................94参 考 文 献 .........................................................................................................96翻译部分原文 .....................................................................................
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