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    煤矿 巷道 支护 技术 浅析
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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计目 录1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 .........................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ...............................................................................................................................11.1.1 交通位置 .....................................................................................................................................11.1.2 地形、地貌 .................................................................................................................................11.1.3 河流及水体 ..................................................................................................................................11.1.4 气象及地震 ..................................................................................................................................11.1.5 矿区经济概况 ..............................................................................................................................11.1.6 水源及电源 ..................................................................................................................................21.2 井田地质特征 ........................................................................................................................21.2.1 井田地质构造 ..............................................................................................................................21.2.2 水文地质 ......................................................................................................................................61.3 煤层特征 ..............................................................................................................................101.3.1 含煤性 ........................................................................................................................................101.3.2 可采煤层 ....................................................................................................................................101.3.3 煤质 ............................................................................................................................................121.3.4 煤层顶、底板 ............................................................................................................................141.3.5 瓦斯 ............................................................................................................................................141.3.6 煤尘及煤的自燃 ........................................................................................................................142 井田境界和储量 .......................................................................................................................152.1 井田境界 ..............................................................................................................................152.1.1 井田范围 ....................................................................................................................................152.1.2 开采界限 ....................................................................................................................................152.2 矿井工业储量 ......................................................................................................................152.2.1 储量计算基础 ............................................................................................................................152.2.2 工业储量计算 ............................................................................................................................152.3 矿井可采储量 ......................................................................................................................162.3.1 安全煤柱留设原则 ....................................................................................................................162.3.2 矿井永久保护煤柱损失量 ........................................................................................................162.3.3 矿井可采储量 ...........................................................................................................................173 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ...........................................................................183.1 矿井工作制度 ......................................................................................................................183.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 ..........................................................................................183.2.1 确定依据 ....................................................................................................................................183.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 ....................................................................................................................183.2.3 矿井服务年限 ............................................................................................................................183.2.4 井型校核 ....................................................................................................................................194 井田开拓 ...................................................................................................................................204.1 井田开拓的基本问题 ..........................................................................................................204.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置及坐标 ........................................................................................204.1.2 工业场地的位置 ........................................................................................................................22中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计4.1.3 开采水平的确定及采盘区划分 ................................................................................................224.1.4 主要开拓巷道 ............................................................................................................................224.1.5 方案比较 ....................................................................................................................................234.2 矿井基本巷道 ......................................................................................................................274.2.1 主要开拓巷道 ............................................................................................................................315 准备方式—— 采区巷道布置 ...................................................................................................385.1 煤层地质特征 ......................................................................................................................385.1.1 采区位置 ....................................................................................................................................385.1.2 采区煤层特征 ............................................................................................................................385.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ........................................................................................................385.1.4 水文地质 ....................................................................................................................................385.1.5 地质构造 ....................................................................................................................................385.2 采区巷道布置及生产系统 ..................................................................................................385.2.1 采区准备方式的确定 ................................................................................................................385.2.2 采区巷道布置设计 ...................................................................................................................395.2.3 采区生产系统 ...........................................................................................................................405.2.4 采区内巷道掘进方法 ...............................................................................................................405.2.5 采区生产能力及采出率 ...........................................................................................................416 采煤方法 ...................................................................................................................................456.1 采煤工艺方式 ......................................................................................................................456.1.1 采区煤层特征及地质条件 .......................................................................................................456.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ...................................................................................................................456.1.3 回采工作面参数 .......................................................................................................................466.1.4 工作面设备选型 ........................................................................................................................476.1.5 采煤工作面支护方式 ................................................................................................................506.1.6 超前支护及端头支护方式 ........................................................................................................526.1.7 回采工作面正规循环作业 ........................................................................................................546.2 回采巷道布置 ......................................................................................................................566.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ....................................................................................................................566.2.2 回采巷道支护参数 ....................................................................................................................567 井下运输 ...................................................................................................................................597.1 概述 ......................................................................................................................................597.1.1 矿井设计生产能力及工作制度 ................................................................................................597.1.2 煤层及煤质 ................................................................................................................................597.1.3 运输距离和辅助运输设计 ........................................................................................................597.1.4 矿井运输系统 ............................................................................................................................597.2 采区运输设备选择 ..............................................................................................................607.2.1 采区运输设备选型及能力验算 ................................................................................................617.3 大巷运输设备选择 ..............................................................................................................647.3.1 主运输大巷设备选择 ................................................................................................................647.3.2 辅助运输大巷设备选择 ............................................................................................................657.3.3 运输设备能力验算 ....................................................................................................................668 矿井提升 ...................................................................................................................................67中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计8.1 矿井提升概述 ......................................................................................................................678.2 主副井提升 ..........................................................................................................................678.2.1 主井提升 ....................................................................................................................................678.2.2 副井提升设备选型 ....................................................................................................................699 矿井通风及安全 .......................................................................................................................729.1 矿井地质、开拓、开采概况 ..............................................................................................729.1.1 矿井地质概况 ............................................................................................................................729.1.2 开拓方式 ....................................................................................................................................729.1.3 开采方法 ....................................................................................................................................729.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、炸药库` ...................................................................................................729.1.5 工作制、人数 ............................................................................................................................739.2 矿井通风系统的确定 ..........................................................................................................739.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ........................................................................................................739.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ................................................................................................................739.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择 ................................................................................................................749.2.4 采区通风系统的要求 ................................................................................................................759.2.5 采区通风方式的确定 ................................................................................................................759.2.6 工作面通风方式的确定 ............................................................................................................769.3 矿井风量计算 ......................................................................................................................779.3.1 通风容易时期和通风困难时期采煤方案的确定 ....................................................................779.3.2 各用风地点的用风量和矿井总用风量 ....................................................................................779.3.3 风量分配 ....................................................................................................................................809.4 矿井阻力计算 ......................................................................................................................819.4.1 计算原则 ....................................................................................................................................819.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线 ....................................................................................................................829.4.3 计算矿井摩擦阻力和总阻力 ....................................................................................................839.4.4 两个时期的矿井总风阻和总等积孔 ........................................................................................849.5 选择矿井通风设备 ..............................................................................................................859.5.1 选择主要通风机 ........................................................................................................................859.5.2 电动机选型 .............................................................
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