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煤矿冲击矿压理论及防治技术.rar

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    煤矿 冲击 理论 防治 技术
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    目 录目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 ................................................11.1 矿区概述 ...................................................................................................................11.1.1 地理位置与交通情况 ....................................................................................11.1.2 矿区气候条件 ................................................................................................11.1.3 矿区水文情况 ................................................................................................11.2 井田地质特征 ...........................................................................................................31.2.1 井田位置、边界范围、拐点坐标、井田面积及相邻矿井边界关系 ........31.2.2 井田地质概况、地层、含煤地层及构造情况 ............................................31.3 煤层特征 ...................................................................................................................42 井田境界和储量 ........................................................52.1 井田境界 ...................................................................................................................52.2 矿井工业储量 ...........................................................................................................52.2.1 构造类型 ........................................................................................................52.2.2 矿井地质储量 ................................................................................................52.2.3 矿井工业储量 ................................................................................................72.3 矿井可采储量 ...........................................................................................................82.3.1 矿井可采储量 ................................................................................................82.3.2 工业广场煤柱留设 ........................................................................................83 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ................................113.1 矿井工作制度 .........................................................................................................113.2 矿井设计能力及服务年限 .....................................................................................113.2.1 确定依据 ......................................................................................................113.2.2 矿井设计能力及生产年限 ..........................................................................113.2.3 井型校核 ......................................................................................................124 井田开拓 ............................................................144.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .............................................................................................144.1.1 井筒形式的确定 ..........................................................................................144.1.2 井筒位置的确定 ..........................................................................................154.1.3 工业广场位置选择 ......................................................................................154.1.4 开采水平的确定及带区的划分 ..................................................................164.1.5 方案比较 ......................................................................................................164.2 矿井基本巷道 .........................................................................................................194.2.1 井筒 ..............................................................................................................194.2.2 开拓巷道 ......................................................................................................20目 录4.3 硐室 .........................................................................................................................235 准备方式— 采区巷道布置 ..............................................245.1 煤层的地质特征 .....................................................................................................245.1.1 首采采取煤层特征 ......................................................................................245.1.2 地质构造 .....................................................................................................245.1.3 水文地质 ......................................................................................................245.1.4 地表情况 .....................................................................................................245.2 采区巷道布置及生产系统 ....................................................................................245.2.1 采区位置及范围 .........................................................................................245.2.2 采煤方法及工作面长度的确定 ...............................................................245.2.3 煤柱尺寸的确定 .......................................................................................255.2.4 确定采区各种巷道尺寸、支护方式及通风方式 .....................................255.2.5 采区巷道的联络方式 .................................................................................255.2.6 工作面接替顺序 ..........................................................................................255.2.7 采区生产系统 .............................................................................................265.2.8 采区内各种巷道的掘进方法 .....................................................................265.2.9 采区生产能力 .............................................................................................265.3 采区车场选型设计 ..............................................................................................285.3.1 确定采区车场形式 ...................................................................................285.3.2 采区主要硐室布置 .....................................................................................286 采煤方法 ............................................................296.1 采煤工艺方式 .........................................................................................................296.1.1 采区煤层特征及地质条件 ..........................................................................296.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ......................................................................................296.1.3 回采工作面参数 ..........................................................................................306.1.4 各工艺过程注意事项 .................................................................................356.1.5 工作面端头支护和超前支护 .....................................................................366.1.6 循环图表、劳动组织、主要技术经济指标 ..............................................376.1.7 综合机械化采煤过程中应注意事项 .........................................................416.2 回采巷道布置 .........................................................................................................426.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ......................................................................................426.2.2 回采巷道参数 ..............................................................................................427 井下运输 ............................................................457.1 概述 ........................................................................................................................457.1.1 井下运输的原始条件和数据 .....................................................................457.1.2 矿井运输系统 .............................................................................................457.2 采区运输设备的选择 ............................................................................................457.2.1 矿井运输设备选型应遵循以下原则 .........................................................457.2.2 工作面及顺槽运输设备选型 ...................................................................46目 录7.2.3 上山运输设备选型 .....................................................................................477.3 大巷运输设备选择 ................................................................................................477.3.1 确定大巷的运输方式 .................................................................................477.3.2 确定大巷运输设备 .....................................................................................477.3.3 运输设备能力验算 ......................................................................................498 矿井提升 ............................................................508.1 矿井提升概述 .........................................................................................................508.2 主副井提升 .............................................................................................................508.2.1 主井提升 ......................................................................................................508.2.2 副井提升 ......................................................................................................529 矿井通风设计 ........................................................549.1 矿井概况 .................................................................................................................549.1.1 矿井地质概况 ..............................................................................................549.1.2 开拓方式 ......................................................................................................549.1.3 开采方法 ......................................................................................................549.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库` .....................................................................549.1.5 工作制、人数 ..............................................................................................549.2 矿井通风系统的确定 .............................................................................................549.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..........................................................................559.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ..................................................................................559.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择 ..................................................................................569.2.4 采区通风系统的要求 ..................................................................................569.2.5 工作面通风方式的选择 .............................................................................579.2.6 回采工作面进回风道的布置 .....................................................................589.2.7 通风构筑物 .................................................................................................589.3 矿井风量计算 .........................................................................................................589.3.1 工作面所需风量的计算 ..............................................................................589.3.2 备用工作面需风量计算 ..............................................................................609.3.3 掘进工作面需风量计算 ..............................................................................609.3.4 硐室需要风量的计算 ..................................................................................619.3.5 其他巷道所需风量计算 ..............................................................................619.3.6 矿井总风量计算 ..........................................................................................619.3.7 风量分配 ......................................................................................................619.4 全矿通风阻力的计算 .............................................................................................629.4.1 计算原则 ......................................................................................................639.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线 ......................................................................................639.4.3 矿井通风阻力计算 ......................................................................................679.4.4 矿井通风总阻力 ..........................................................................................689.4.5 两个时期的矿井总风阻和总等积孔 ..........................................................68目 录9.5 矿井通风设备选型 .................................................................................................699.5.1 主要通风机选型 ..........................................................................................699.5.2 电动机选型 ..................................................................................................709.5.3 矿井主要通风设备的要求 .........................................................................729.5.4 对反风、风峒的要求 ..................................................................................739.6 安全灾害的预防措施 .............................................................................................739.6.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 ......................................................................739.6.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ..................................................................................739.6.3 防水措施 ......................................................................................................7410 设计矿井基本技术经济指标 ...........................................75专题部分煤矿冲击矿压及防治技术 .................................................781、绪论 .........................................................................................................................782、国内外冲击矿压的概述 .........................................................................................792.1 国内冲击矿压现状 .........................................................................................792.2 国外冲击矿压现状 .........................................................................................793、冲击矿压的现象及特征 .........................................................................................813.1 冲击矿压现象 .................................................................................................813.2 冲击矿压分类 .................................................................................................824、冲击矿压机理研究概述 .........................................................................................834.1 强度理论 ........................................................................................................834.2 刚度理论 ........................................................................................................844.3 能量理论 ........................................................................................................844.4 冲击倾向性理论 .............................................................................................844.5 稳定性理论 .....................................................................................................855、冲击矿压防治 .........................................................................................................855.1 冲击矿压煤层的设计 ....................................................................................865.2 冲击矿压的预测 ............................................................................................885.3 冲击矿压治理措施 .........................................................................................915.4 冲击倾向性矿井其他注意事项 .....................................................................956、结论 .........................................................................................................................95翻译部分英文原文 ...............................................................98中文译文 ..............................................................115致 谢 ................................................................130一般部分中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 1 页1 矿区概述及井田地质特征1.1 矿区概述1.1.1 地理位置与交通情况 钱营孜矿位于宿州市西南,其中心位置距宿州市约 15km,行政区划隶属宿州市和淮北市濉溪县。区内有南坪集至宿州市的公路和四通八达的支线与任楼、许疃、临涣、童亭、桃园等矿井相连。青
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