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回采巷道顶板离层分析及其监测.rar

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    回采 巷道 顶板 分析 及其 监测
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    目 录1 矿区概况与井田地质特征 ...................................51.1 矿井概况 .............................................................................................................51.1.1 井田位置 ...................................................................................................51.1.2 交通 ...........................................................................................................51.1.3 地形与河流 ...............................................................................................61.1.4 气象 ...........................................................................................................61.1.5 自然地震 ...................................................................................................61.1.6 矿区经济概况 ...........................................................................................61.1.7 水源及电源 ...............................................................................................61.2 井田地质特征 .....................................................................................................71.2.1 矿井勘探 ...................................................................................................71.2.2 井田地层概述 ...........................................................................................71.2.3 井田含煤地层概述 ...................................................................................81.2.4 井田地质构造 ...........................................................................................81.2.5 井田水文地质特征 .................................................................................121.3 煤层特征 ...........................................................................................................121.3.1 煤层 .........................................................................................................121.3.2 煤质 .........................................................................................................141.3.3 煤层开采技术条件 .................................................................................152 井田境界和储量 ..........................................192.1 井田境界 ...........................................................................................................192.2 矿井工业储量 ...................................................................................................192.2.1 储量计算基础 .........................................................................................192.2.2 全矿井工业储量的具体计算 .................................................................192.3 矿井可采储量 ...................................................................................................202.3.1 安全煤柱留设原则 .................................................................................202.3.2 矿井永久保护煤柱损失量 .....................................................................212.3.3 矿井可采储量 .........................................................................................223 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ....................233.1 矿井工作制度 ...................................................................................................233.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 .......................................................................233.2.1 确定依据 .................................................................................................233.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 .................................................................................233.2.3 矿井服务年限 .........................................................................................233.2.4 井型校核 .................................................................................................244 井田开拓 ................................................264.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .......................................................................................264.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置的确定 .....................................................264.1.2 开采水平及带区的划分 .........................................................................284.1.3 主要开拓巷道 .........................................................................................284.1.4 方案比较 .................................................................................................294.2 矿井基本巷道 ...................................................................................................344.2.1 井筒 .........................................................................................................354.2.2 井底车场及大巷 .....................................................................................385 准备方式 ................................................425.1 煤层地质特征 ...................................................................................................425.1.1 煤层特征 .................................................................................................425.1.2 煤层顶底板组成 .....................................................................................425.1.3 煤层内主要地质构造和水文地质条件 .................................................425.1.4 煤层上方地形、地貌 .............................................................................425.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统 ...............................................................................425.2.1 采煤方法及工作面长度 .........................................................................425.2.2 工作面接替 .............................................................................................425.2.3 带区内各煤柱的尺寸 .............................................................................435.2.4 确定同时生产的数目 .............................................................................435.2.5 带区巷道布置 .........................................................................................435.2.6 生产系统 .................................................................................................435.2.7 带区巷道掘进 .........................................................................................445.2.8 带区生产能力和采出率 .........................................................................456 采煤方法 ................................................486.1 采煤工艺方式 ...................................................................................................486.1.1 采煤方法选择的依据和选择原则 .........................................................486.1.2 带区煤层特征及地质条件 .....................................................................486.1.3 采煤方法的选择 .....................................................................................486.1.4 采煤工艺与采空区处理 .........................................................................496.1.5 工作面设备选型及其技术特征 .............................................................506.1.6 超前支护方式 .........................................................................................546.1.7 放顶步距、放煤方式和采放比 .............................................................546.1.8 确定回采工作面长度、推进方向、推进度 .........................................546.1.9 各工艺过程注意事项 .............................................................................556.1.10 工作面吨煤成本 ...................................................................................566.1.11 回采工作面正规循环作业 ...................................................................566.2 回采巷道布置 ...................................................................................................586.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 .................................................................................586.2.2 回采巷道断面大小及支护 .....................................................................597 井下运输 ................................................627.1 概述 ...................................................................................................................627.1.1 井下运输的原始条件和数据 .................................................................627.1.2 井下运输系统 .........................................................................................627.2 带区运输设备的选择 .......................................................................................627.2.1 设备选型原则 .........................................................................................627.2.2 工作面及顺槽运输设备选型 .................................................................637.2.3 运输能力验算 .........................................................................................657.3 大巷运输设备的选择 .......................................................................................657.3.1 确定大巷的运输方式 .............................................................................657.3.2 主运输大巷设备选择 .............................................................................667.3.3 辅助运输方式的选择 .............................................................................677.3.4 矿井辅助运输系统 .................................................................................687.3.5 井下换装 .................................................................................................697.3.6 胶轮车运输 .............................................................................................708 矿井提升 ................................................728.1 矿井提升概述 ...................................................................................................728.2 主副井提升 .......................................................................................................728.2.1 主井提升系统 .........................................................................................728.2.2 副井提升系统 .........................................................................................739 矿井通风及安全 ..........................................759.1 矿井概况 ...........................................................................................................759.1.1 矿井概况 .................................................................................................759.1.2 矿井通风系统的主要原则和基本要求 .................................................759.2 矿井通风系统的确定 .......................................................................................759.2.1 选择通风系统主要考虑的因素 .............................................................759.2.2 各通风系统的使用条件和优缺点分析 .................................................769.2.3 矿井通风方式选择 .................................................................................799.2.4 带区通风系统的要求 .............................................................................799.2.5 回采工作面进回风的布置 .....................................................................809.3 矿井风量的计算 ...............................................................................................829.3.1 风量计算的标准 .....................................................................................829.3.2 风量计算的原则 .....................................................................................829.3.3 矿井风量的计算 .....................................................................................829.3.4 掘进工作面所需风量 .............................................................................849.3.5 峒室所需风量 .........................................................................................859.3.6 其它巷道所需风量 .................................................................................869.3.7 矿井总风量 .............................................................................................869.4 矿井风量的分配 ...............................................................................................869.4.1 配风的原则和方法 .................................................................................869.4.2 风量分配及风速验算 .............................................................................879.4.3 风速验算 .................................................................................................879.5 矿井风阻的计算 ...............................................................................................889.5.1 计算原则 .................................................................................................889.5.2 确定矿井通风容易时期和困难时期 .....................................................899.5.3 矿井最大阻力路线 .................................................................................899.5.4 各段通风阻力及总阻力 .........................................................................899.5.5 全矿总风阻和等积孔 .............................................................................919.6 选择矿井通风设备 ...........................................................................................929.6.1 通风机风压的确定 .................................................................................929.6.2 计算电动机功率 .....................................................................................949.6.3 对矿井主要通风设备的要求 .................................................................959.6.4 对反风、风峒的要求 .............................................................................959.7 矿井灾害的防治措施 .......................................................................................959.7.1 瓦斯管理措施 .........................................................................................969.7.2 煤尘的防治 .............................................................................................969.7.3 防火 .........................................................................................................969.7.4 防水 .........................................................................................................9710 矿井基本技术经济指标 ..................................103英文原文 ..................................................1051. Introduction .......................................................................................................1052. Approach and scope of the study ......................................................................1073. The physical concept of subsidence caused by excavation...............................108中文译文 ..................................................1141、简介 ....................................................................................................................1142.论文的概括和范围 ............................................................................................1153、由开采造成的下沉的物理概念 ........................................................................116专题 ......................................................1201 引言 ....................................................................................................................1202 顶板离层分析 ....................................................................................................1202.1 顶板离层的表现形式 ..............................................................................1202.2 与顶板离层相关各因素分析 ..................................................................1223 顶板离层的监测 ................................................................................................1233.1 顶板离层监测原理及方法 ......................................................................1233.2 顶板离层临界值确定方法 ......................................................................1243.3 锚杆支护质量监测系统软件介绍 ..........................................................1254 顶板离层指示仪的原理及其安装 ....................................................................1264.1 工作原理 ........................................................
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