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    断面 围岩 稳定 控制 技术
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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 .........................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ..........................................................................................................................11.1.1 矿区地理位置 .......................................................................................................11.1.2 地形地貌 ...............................................................................................................11.1.3 河流水系 ...............................................................................................................11.1.4 气象及地震 ...........................................................................................................11.1.5 水源 .......................................................................................................................11.1.6 电源 .......................................................................................................................11.2 井田地质特征 ..................................................................................................................31.2.1 地质构造 ...............................................................................................................31.2.2 水文地质特征 .......................................................................................................61.3 煤层特征 ..........................................................................................................................71.3.1 含煤性 ...................................................................................................................71.3.2 可采煤层 ................................................................................................................81.3.3 煤质 .......................................................................................................................81.3.4 瓦斯、煤尘爆炸性、煤的自燃倾向性、煤和瓦斯突出 ....................................92 井田境界和储量 .......................................................................................................................112.1 井田境界及储量 ............................................................................................................112.1.1 井田境界 .............................................................................................................112.1.2 储量 .....................................................................................................................112.2 矿井工业储量 .................................................................................................................122.3 矿井可采储量 ................................................................................................................132.4 工业广场煤柱 .................................................................................................................133 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ...........................................................................153.1 矿井工作制度 ................................................................................................................153.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 ....................................................................................154 井田开拓 ...................................................................................................................................174.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .....................................................................................................174.1.1 井筒形式、数目的确定 ......................................................................................174.1.2 井筒位置的确定采(带)区划分 .....................................................................194.1.3 主、副井井筒位置的选择 ..................................................................................194.1.4 工业广场的位置、形状和面积的确定 ..............................................................204.1.5 开拓方案及其比较 ..............................................................................................204.2 矿井基本巷道 ................................................................................................................254.2.1 井筒 ......................................................................................................................254.2.2 主要开拓巷道 ......................................................................................................28中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计5 准备方式— 采区巷道布置 .......................................................................................................325.1 煤层的地质特征 ............................................................................................................325.1.1 采区位置 ..............................................................................................................325.1.2 采区煤层特征 ......................................................................................................325.1.3 地表情况 ..............................................................................................................325.2 采区巷道布置及生产系统 ............................................................................................335.2.1 确定采区巷道布置及生产系统的原则 ..............................................................335.2.2 确定采区巷道布置 ..............................................................................................335.2.3 采区巷道布置参数确定 ......................................................................................335.2.4 采煤方法及工作面长度的确定 ..........................................................................335.2.5 采区巷道的联络方式 .........................................................................................345.2.6 确定采区各种巷道的尺寸、支护方式及通风方式 ..........................................345.2.7 采区生产系统 ......................................................................................................345.2.8 采区内巷道掘进方法 ..........................................................................................355.2.9 采区生产能力及采出率 ......................................................................................355.3 采区车场选型设计 .........................................................................................................366 采煤方法 ...................................................................................................................................386.1 采煤工艺方式 .................................................................................................................386.1.1 采区煤层特征及地质条件 ..................................................................................386.1.2 煤质 .....................................................................................................................386.1.3 确定采煤工艺方式及工作面长度 ......................................................................396.1.4 回采工艺及设备 ..................................................................................................406.1.5 回采工作面支护方式 ..........................................................................................446.1.6 端头支护及超前支护方式 ..................................................................................466.1.7 各工艺过程注意事项 ..........................................................................................476.1.8 劳动组织和循环作业图表 .................................................................................486.1.9 回采工作面正规循环作业 ..................................................................................516.2 回采巷道布置 .................................................................................................................536.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ..............................................................................................536.2.2 回采巷道参数 ......................................................................................................547 井下运输 ...................................................................................................................................567.1 概述 .................................................................................................................................567.1.1 井下运输的原始条件和数据 ..............................................................................567.1.2 煤层及煤质 ..........................................................................................................567.1.3 井下运输系统 ......................................................................................................567.2 煤炭运输方式和设备选择 .............................................................................................577.2.1 设备选型原则: ..................................................................................................577.2.2 采区运输设备选型及能力验算 ..........................................................................577.3 辅助运输方式和设备选择 .............................................................................................587.3.1 选择电机车 ..........................................................................................................58中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计7.3.2 设备选择 ..............................................................................................................598 矿井提升 ...................................................................................................................................608.1 矿井提升的原始数据和地质条件 .................................................................................608.2 主副井提升 .....................................................................................................................608.2.1 主井提升 ..............................................................................................................608.2.2 副井提升 ..............................................................................................................629 矿井通风及安全 .......................................................................................................................649.1 矿井通风系统选择 .........................................................................................................649.1.1 矿井概况 ..............................................................................................................649.1.2 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..................................................................................649.1.3 矿井通风方式的确定 ..........................................................................................649.1.4 主要通风机工作方式选择 .................................................................................659.1.5 采区通风系统的要求 .......................................................................................669.1.6 工作面通风方式的选择 ...................................................................................669.1.7 回采工作面进回风巷道的布置 .......................................................................679.2 采区及全矿所需风量 .....................................................................................................679.2.1 采煤工作面实际需要风量 ..................................................................................679.2.2 掘进工作面需风量 ..............................................................................................689.2.3 硐室需风量 ..........................................................................................................699.2.4 其它巷道所需风量 ..............................................................................................709.2.5 矿井总风量计算 ..................................................................................................709.2.6 风量分配 ..............................................................................................................709.3 矿井通风总阻力计算 .....................................................................................................719.3.1 矿井通风总阻力计算原则 ..................................................................................719.3.2 确定矿井通风容易和困难时期 ..........................................................................719.3.3 矿井最大阻力路线 ..............................................................................................719.3.4 矿井通风阻力计算 ..............................................................................................719.3.5 矿井通风总阻力 ..................................................................................................729.3.6 两个时期的矿井总风阻和总等积孔 ..................................................................729.4 选择矿井通风设备 .........................................................................................................789.4.1 选择主要通风机 ..................................................................................................789.4.2 电动机选型 ..........................................................................................................809.4.3 矿井主要通风设备及装备要求 ..........................................................................809.5 防止特殊灾害的安全措施 .............................................................................................819.5.1 瓦斯管理措施 ......................................................................................................819.5.2 煤尘的防治 ..........................................................................................................819.5.3 预防井下火灾的措施 ..........................................................................................819.5.4 防水措施 ..............................................................................................................8110 设计矿井基本技术经济指标 .................................................................................................84专题部分中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计大断面煤巷围岩稳定控制技术 ...................................................................................................881 巷道支护技术发展历史与现状 ................................................................................................881.1 存在的主要问题 .............................................................................................................902.大断面巷道围岩变形破坏特征分析 ........................................................................................902.1 大断面巷道的基本形式 .................................................................................................902.2 大断面巷道破坏理论分析 .............................................................................................912.2.1 巷道围岩破坏机理 ..............................................................................................912.2.2 大断面巷道围岩破坏影响因素分析 ..................................................................932.3 大断面巷道围岩破坏特征 .............................................................................................982.3.1 大断面巷道围岩破坏特征 ..................................................................................982.3.2 巷道围岩稳定性破坏原因分析 ..........................................................................993.大断面巷道支护技术研究 ......................................................................................................1003.1 巷道支护形式的选择 ...................................................................................................1013.2 锚杆支护的支护作用分析 ...........................................................................................1023.2.1 锚杆支护理论的选择 ........................................................................................1023.2.2 锚杆支护理论分析 ............................................................................
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