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    大采高综采 技术研究
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    目 录一般部分1 矿区概述及井田地质特征 ..................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ........................................................................................................................11.1.1 地理位置、交通情况 .............................................................................................11.1.2 地形气候 .................................................................................................................21.1.3 周边矿井开采情况 .................................................................................................31.1.4 矿区水文情况 .........................................................................................................41.2 井田地质特征 ................................................................................................................41.2.1 井田地形 .................................................................................................................41.2.2 井田地层 .................................................................................................................41.2.3 井田地质构造 .........................................................................................................61.2.4 井田水文地质 .........................................................................................................71.3 煤层特征 ........................................................................................................................81.3.1 煤层在含煤地层中的分布 .....................................................................................91.3.2 可采煤层 .................................................................................................................91.3.3 煤的特征 ...............................................................................................................102 井田境界和储量 ................................................................................................................142.1 井田境界 ......................................................................................................................142.2 矿井工业储量 ..............................................................................................................142.3 矿井可采储量 ..............................................................................................................162.3.1 安全煤柱留设原则 ...............................................................................................162.3.2 矿井保护煤柱煤损量 ...........................................................................................172.3.3 矿井设计储量 .......................................................................................................183 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ....................................................................193.1 矿井工作制度 ..............................................................................................................193.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 ..................................................................................193.2.1 确定依据 ...............................................................................................................193.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 ...............................................................................................193.2.3 矿井服务年限 .......................................................................................................193.2.4 核算矿井第一水平服务年限 ...............................................................................194 井田开拓 ............................................................................................................................214.1 井田开拓的基本问题 ..................................................................................................214.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置及坐标 ...................................................................214.1.2 工业场地的位置 ...................................................................................................244.1.3 开采水平的确定及带区划分 ...............................................................................244.1.4 开拓巷道 ...............................................................................................................244.1.5 开采顺序 ...............................................................................................................244.1.6 开拓方案比较 .......................................................................................................254.2 矿井基本巷道 ..............................................................................................................314.2.1 井筒 .......................................................................................................................314.2.2 井底车场及硐室 ..................................................................................................344.2.3 开拓巷道 ...............................................................................................................385 准备方式— 带区准备方式 ................................................................................................405.1 煤层地质特征 ..............................................................................................................405.1.1 采区位置 ...............................................................................................................405.1.2 采区煤层特征 .......................................................................................................405.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ...................................................................................405.1.4 水文地质 ...............................................................................................................405.1.5 主要地质构造 .......................................................................................................415.2 采区巷道布置及生产系统 ..........................................................................................415.2.1 带区准备方式的确定 ...........................................................................................415.2.2 带区巷道布置 .......................................................................................................415.2.3 带区生产系统 .......................................................................................................415.2.4 带区内巷道掘进方法 ...........................................................................................425.2.5 带区生产能力及采出率 .......................................................................................425.2.6 带区车场的形式 ...................................................................................................445.2.7 带区车场的调车方式 ...........................................................................................445.2.8 带区主要硐室布置 ...............................................................................................446 采煤方法 ............................................................................................................................466.1 采煤工艺方式 ..............................................................................................................466.1.1 带区煤层特征及地质条件 ...................................................................................466.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ...............................................................................................466.1.3 回采工作面参数 ...................................................................................................476.1.4 回采工作面破煤、装煤方式 ...............................................................................476.1.5 回采工作面支护方式 ...........................................................................................506.1.6 端头支护及超前支护方式 ...................................................................................526.1.7 各工艺过程注意事项 ...........................................................................................536.1.8 回采工作面正规循环作业 ...................................................................................556.2 回采巷道布置 ..............................................................................................................586.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ...............................................................................................586.2.2 回采巷道参数 .......................................................................................................587 井下运输 ............................................................................................................................617.1 概述 ..............................................................................................................................617.1.1 矿井设计生产能力及工作制度 ...........................................................................617.1.2 煤层及煤质 ...........................................................................................................617.1.3 运输距离和辅助运输设计 ...................................................................................617.1.4 矿井运输系统 .......................................................................................................617.2 带区运输设备选择 ......................................................................................................627.2.1 设备选型原则: ...................................................................................................627.2.2 带区运输设备选型及能力验算 ...........................................................................627.3 大巷运输设备选 ..........................................................................................................647.3.1 运输大巷设备选择 ...............................................................................................647.3.2 辅助运输大巷设备选择 .......................................................................................648 矿井提升 ............................................................................................................................668.1 矿井提升概述 ..............................................................................................................668.2 主井提升 ......................................................................................................................668.2.1 箕斗 .......................................................................................................................668.2.2 提升机 ...................................................................................................................668.2.3 钢丝绳技术特征 ...................................................................................................678.2.4 提升能力验算 .......................................................................................................678.3 副井提升 ......................................................................................................................689 矿井通风及安全 ................................................................................................................709.1 矿井地质、开拓、开采概况 ......................................................................................709.1.1 矿井地质概况 .......................................................................................................709.1.2 开拓方式 ...............................................................................................................709.1.3 开采方法 ...............................................................................................................709.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库` ..............................................................................709.1.5 工作制、人数 .......................................................................................................719.2 矿井通风系统的确定 ..................................................................................................719.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ...................................................................................719.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ...........................................................................................719.2.3 矿井通风方法的选择 ...........................................................................................729.2.4 带区通风系统的要求 ...........................................................................................739.2.5 带区通风方式的确定 ...........................................................................................739.3 矿井风量计算 ..............................................................................................................749.3.1 通风容易时期和通风困难时期采煤方案的确定 ...............................................749.3.2 各用风地点的用风量和矿井总用风量 ...............................................................749.3.3 风量分配 ...............................................................................................................799.4 矿井阻力计算 ..............................................................................................................809.4.1 计算原则 ...............................................................................................................809.4.2 矿井最大阻力路线 ...............................................................................................809.4.3 矿井通风阻力计算 ...............................................................................................819.4.4 矿井通风总阻力 ...................................................................................................839.4.5 总等积孔 ...............................................................................................................839.5 选择矿井通风设备 ......................................................................................................849.5.1 选择主要通风机 ...................................................................................................849.5.2 电动机选型 ...........................................................................................................879.6 安全灾害的预防措施 ..................................................................................................879.6.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 ...............................................................................879.6.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ...........................................................................................889.6.3 防水措施 ...............................................................................................................8810 设计矿井基本技术经济指标 ...........................................................................................89参考文献 ................................................................................................................................90专题部分大采高综采技术研究 ............................................................................................................92引言 ....................................................................................................................................921 国内外研究现状 .............................................................................................................931.1 国外现状 ..................................................................................................................931.2 国内现状 ..................................................................................................................931.3 大采高综采技术发展趋势 ......................................................................................942 大采高支架稳定性问题提出 .........................................................................................942. 1 大采高稳定性事故分类 ..........
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