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    水上 采煤 技术研究
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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计目 录一般部分 ..................................................................................................................................11 矿区概述及井田地质特征 ....................................................................................................21.1 矿区概述 .............................................................................................................................21.1.1 交通地理位置 ................................................................................................................21.1.2 地形地貌和地表水系 ....................................................................................................21.1.3 矿区电力供应 ................................................................................................................21.1.4 矿区的气候条件 ............................................................................................................21.1.5 地震 ................................................................................................................................41.1.6 临近煤矿 ........................................................................................................................41.2 井田地质特征 .....................................................................................................................51.2.1 以往地质勘查工作 ........................................................................................................51.2.2 矿井地层 ........................................................................................................................51.2.3 煤系地层 ........................................................................................................................91.2.4 井田的地质构造及地质变动 ......................................................................................121.2.5 井田的水文地质特征 ..................................................................................................141.3 煤层特征 ...........................................................................................................................161.3.1 煤层埋藏条件 ..............................................................................................................161.3.2 煤层群的层数 ..............................................................................................................161.3.3 煤层的围岩性质 ..........................................................................................................161.3.4 煤层的围岩性质 ..........................................................................................................181.3.5 煤的特征 ......................................................................................................................192 井田境界和储量 ..................................................................................................................232.1 井田境界 ...........................................................................................................................232.2 矿井工业储量 ...................................................................................................................232.2.1 储量计算基础 ..............................................................................................................232.2.2 工业储量计算 ..............................................................................................................232.3 矿井可采储量 ...................................................................................................................252.3.1 安全煤柱留设原则 ......................................................................................................262.3.2 矿井永久保护煤柱损失量 ..........................................................................................262.3.3 矿井可采储量 .............................................................................................................263 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ........................................................................283.1 矿井工作制度 ...................................................................................................................28中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计3.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 .........................................................................................283.2.1 确定依据 ......................................................................................................................283.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 ......................................................................................................283.2.3 矿井服务年限 ..............................................................................................................283.2.4 井型校核 ......................................................................................................................294 井田开拓 .............................................................................................................................304.1 井田开拓的基本问题 ........................................................................................................304.1.1 确定井筒形式、数目、位置及坐标 ..........................................................................304.1.2 工业场地的位置 ..........................................................................................................314.1.3 开采水平的确定及采采区划分 ..................................................................................314.1.4 主要开拓巷道 ..............................................................................................................324.1.5 方案比较 ......................................................................................................................324.2 矿井基本巷道 ...................................................................................................................364.2.1 井筒 ..............................................................................................................................364.2.2 井底车场 ......................................................................................................................394.2.3 采区主要开拓巷道 ......................................................................................................415 准备方式— —带区巷道布置 ................................................................................................445.1 煤层地质特征 ...................................................................................................................445.1.1 带区位置 ......................................................................................................................445.1.2 带区煤层特征 ..............................................................................................................445.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ..........................................................................................445.1.4 水文地质 ......................................................................................................................445.1.5 地质构造 ......................................................................................................................445.1.6 地表情况 ......................................................................................................................445.2 带区巷道布置及生产系统 ................................................................................................455.2.1 带区准备方式的确定 ..................................................................................................455.2.2 带区巷道布置 ..............................................................................................................455.2.3 带区生产系统 ..............................................................................................................455.2.4 带区内巷道掘进方法 ..................................................................................................465.2.5 带区生产能力及采出率 ..............................................................................................465.3 带区车场选型设计 ............................................................................................................486 采煤方法 .............................................................................................................................496.1 采煤工艺方式 ...................................................................................................................49中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计6.1.1 带区区煤层特征及地质条件 ......................................................................................496.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ......................................................................................................496.1.3 确定工作面长度 ..........................................................................................................506.1.4 回采工作面破煤、装煤方式 ......................................................................................506.1.5 进刀方式: ..................................................................................................................506.1.6 移架方式 ......................................................................................................................506.1.7 移运输机方式 ..............................................................................................................506.1.8 放煤方式 ......................................................................................................................516.1.9 采煤工艺 ......................................................................................................................526.2 设备 ..................................................................................................................................526.2.1 液压支架 ......................................................................................................................536.2.2 采煤机 ..........................................................................................................................546.2.3 工作面主运输设备 ......................................................................................................546.3 顶板管理 ...........................................................................................................................566.3.1 支护设计 ......................................................................................................................566.3.2 工作面顶板管理 ..........................................................................................................576.3.3 工作面上、下端头及出口的顶板管理 ......................................................................586.4 劳动组织和工作面成本 ....................................................................................................596.4.1 劳动组织 ......................................................................................................................596.4.2 工作面成本 ..................................................................................................................596.5 回采巷道布置 ...................................................................................................................606.5.1 回采巷道布置方式 ......................................................................................................606.5.2 回采巷道参数 ..............................................................................................................607 井下运输 .............................................................................................................................647.1 概述 ..................................................................................................................................647.1.1 井下运输的原始条件和数据 ......................................................................................647.1.2 井下运输系统 ..............................................................................................................647.2 煤炭运输方式和设备选择 .................................................................................................647.3 辅助运输方式和设备选择 .................................................................................................657.3.1 选择电机车 ..................................................................................................................657.3.2 设备选择 ......................................................................................................................668 矿井提升 .............................................................................................................................678.1 矿井提升概述 ...................................................................................................................67中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计8.2 主副井提升 .......................................................................................................................678.2.1 主井提升 ......................................................................................................................678.2.2 副井提升 ......................................................................................................................709 矿井通风及安全 ..................................................................................................................739.1 矿井通风系统选择 ............................................................................................................739.1.1 矿井概况 ......................................................................................................................739.1.2 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..........................................................................................739.1.3 矿井通风方式的确定 ..................................................................................................749.1.4 主要通风机工作方式选择 .........................................................................................759.1.5 采区通风系统的要求 ...............................................................................................759.1.6 工作面通风方式的选择 ...........................................................................................769.1.7 回采工作面进回风巷道的布置 ...............................................................................769.2 采区及全矿所需风量 ........................................................................................................779.2.1 采煤工作面实际需要风量 ..........................................................................................779.2.2 掘进工作面需风量 ......................................................................................................789.2.3 准备工作面风量 ..........................................................................................................799.2.4 硐室需风量 ..................................................................................................................799.2.4 其它巷道所需风量 ......................................................................................................799.2.5 矿井总风量计算 ..........................................................................................................809.2.6 风量分配 ......................................................................................................................809.3 矿井通风总阻力计算 ........................................................................................................809.3.1 矿井通风总阻力计算原则 ..........................................................................................809.3.2 确定矿井通风容易和困难时期 ..................................................................................819.3.3 矿井最大阻力路线 .....
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