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    采煤 工作面 快速 断层 浅析
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    中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 I 页目 录一般部分1 矿区概述与井田地质特征 .................................................................................................11.1 矿区概述 ...................................................................................................................11.1.1 地理位置与交通 ............................................................................................11.1.2 地形地貌 ........................................................................................................11.1.3 矿区气候条件 ................................................................................................11.1.4 矿区水文情况 ................................................................................................11.1.5 当地工农业状况 ............................................................................................11.1.6 自然地震 ........................................................................................................21.2 井田地质特征 ...........................................................................................................31.2.1 地层综述 ........................................................................................................31.2.2 井田地质构造 ................................................................................................51.2.3 井田水文地质特征 ........................................................................................61.3 煤层特征 ..................................................................................................................81.3.1 煤层 ................................................................................................................81.3.2 煤层顶、底板 ................................................................................................81.3.3 煤质 ..............................................................................................................101.3.4 瓦斯 ..............................................................................................................121.3.5 煤尘爆炸性 ..................................................................................................121.3.6 煤的自燃 ......................................................................................................121.3.7 地温 ..............................................................................................................122 井田境界和储量 ...............................................................................................................142.1 井田境界 .................................................................................................................142.1.1 井田范围 ......................................................................................................142.1.2 开采界限 ......................................................................................................142.1.3 井田尺寸 ......................................................................................................142.2 矿井地质储量 .........................................................................................................152.2.1 矿井地质储量计算 ......................................................................................152.2.2 矿井工业储量计算 ......................................................................................162.3 矿井可采储量 .........................................................................................................162.3.1 安全煤柱留设原则 ......................................................................................162.3.2 矿井永久保护煤柱损失量 ..........................................................................172.3.3 矿井可采储量 ..............................................................................................193 矿井工作制度、设计生产能力及服务年限 ...................................................................203.1 矿井工作制度 .........................................................................................................203.2 矿井设计生产能力及服务年限 .............................................................................203.2.1 确定依据 ......................................................................................................20中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 II 页3.2.2 矿井设计生产能力 ......................................................................................203.2.3 矿井服务年限 ..............................................................................................203.2.4 井型校核 ......................................................................................................214 井田开拓 ...........................................................................................................................224.1 井田开拓的基本问题 .............................................................................................224.1.1 井筒形式的确定 ..................................................................................................224.1.3 工业场地的位置 .........................................................................................254.1.4 开采水平的确定 .........................................................................................254.1.5 矿井开拓方案比较 .....................................................................................254.2 矿井基本巷道 ........................................................................................................334.2.1 井筒 ..............................................................................................................334.2.2 井底车场及硐室 ..........................................................................................364.2.3 井底车场及硐室 ..........................................................................................364.2.4 主要开拓巷道 ..............................................................................................385 准备方式—— 盘区巷道布置 ...........................................................................................425.1 煤层地质特征 .........................................................................................................425.1.1 盘区位置 ......................................................................................................425.1.2 盘区煤层特征 ..............................................................................................425.1.3 煤层顶底板岩石构造情况 ..........................................................................425.1.4 水文地质 ......................................................................................................425.1.5 地质构造 ......................................................................................................425.1.6 地表情况 ......................................................................................................425.2 盘区巷道布置及生产系统 .....................................................................................435.2.1 盘区准备方式的确定 ..................................................................................435.2.2 盘区位置及范围 ..........................................................................................435.2.3 采煤方法及工作面长度的确定 ..................................................................435.2.4 确定带区各种巷道的尺寸、支护方式及通风、运输方式 ......................435.2.5 煤柱尺寸的确定 ..........................................................................................435.2.6 盘区巷道的联络方式 ..................................................................................445.2.7 区段接替顺序 ..............................................................................................445.2.8 盘区生产系统 ..............................................................................................445.2.9 盘区内巷道掘进方法 ..................................................................................455.2.10 盘区生产能力及采出率 ............................................................................455.3 盘区车场选型设计 .................................................................................................475.3.1 确定盘区车场形式 ......................................................................................475.3.2 盘区主要硐室布置 ......................................................................................476 采煤方法 ...........................................................................................................................486.1 采煤工艺方式 .........................................................................................................486.1.1 采区煤层特征及地质条件 ..........................................................................48中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 III 页6.1.2 确定采煤工艺方式 ......................................................................................486.1.3 回采工作面参数 ..........................................................................................496.1.4 回采工艺及设备 ..........................................................................................496.1.5 回采工作面支护方式 ..................................................................................526.1.6 工作面端头支护及超前支护方式 ..............................................................556.1.7 各工艺过程注意事项 ..................................................................................566.1.8 回采工作面正规循环作业 ..........................................................................576.2 回采巷道布置 .........................................................................................................606.2.1 回采巷道布置方式 ......................................................................................606.2.2 回采巷道支护参数 ......................................................................................607 井下运输 ...........................................................................................................................647.1 概述 .........................................................................................................................647.1.1 井下运输设计的原始条件和数据 ..............................................................647.1.2 运输距离和货载量 ......................................................................................647.1.3 矿井运输系统 ..............................................................................................647.2 盘区运输设备选择 .................................................................................................657.2.1 煤炭运输方式的选择 ..................................................................................657.2.2 盘区煤炭运输设备选型及验算 ..................................................................657.2.3 运输大巷设备选择 ......................................................................................677.3 辅助运输方式和设备选择 .....................................................................................687.3.1 辅助运输方式选择 ......................................................................................687.3.2 辅助运输设备选择 ......................................................................................688 矿井提升 ...........................................................................................................................708.1 概述 .........................................................................................................................708.2 主副井提升 .............................................................................................................708.2.1 主井提升 ......................................................................................................708.2.2 副井提升 ......................................................................................................739 矿井通风与安全 ...............................................................................................................759.1 矿井概况、开拓方式及开采方法 .........................................................................759.1.1 矿井地质概况 ..............................................................................................759.1.2 开拓方式 ......................................................................................................759.1.3 开采方法 ......................................................................................................759.1.4 变电所、充电硐室、火药库 ......................................................................759.1.5 工作制、人数 ..............................................................................................759.2 矿井通风系统的确定 .............................................................................................759.2.1 矿井通风系统的基本要求 ..........................................................................759.2.2 矿井通风方式的选择 ..................................................................................769.2.3 矿井主要通风机工作方式的选择 ..............................................................779.2.4 盘区通风系统的要求 .................................................................................77中国矿业大学 2012 届本科生毕业设计 第 IV 页9.2.5 工作面通风方式的选择 ..............................................................................789.3 矿井风量计算 .........................................................................................................799.3.1 工作面所需风量的计算 .............................................................................799.3.2 备用面需风量的计算 .................................................................................809.3.3 掘进工作面需风量 .....................................................................................809.3.4 硐室需风量 .................................................................................................819.3.5 其它巷道所需风量 .....................................................................................819.3.6 矿井总风量计算 .........................................................................................819.3.7 风量分配 ......................................................................................................829.4 矿井通风阻力计算 ................................................................................................839.4.1 容易和困难时期矿井最大阻力路线确定 .................................................839.4.2 矿井通风阻力计算 ......................................................................................859.4.3 矿井通风总阻力计算 ..................................................................................869.4.4 矿井总风阻和等积孔计算 ..........................................................................879.5 选择矿井通风设备 .................................................................................................879.5.1 选择主要通风机 ..........................................................................................879.5.2 电动机选型 ..................................................................................................909.6 安全灾害的预防措施 .............................................................................................909.6.1 预防瓦斯和煤尘爆炸的措施 ......................................................................909.6.2 预防井下火灾的措施 ..................................................................................919.6.3 防水措施 ......................................................................................................9110 设计矿井基本技术经济指标 .........................................................................................92参考文献 ......................................................................................
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